BiologyComponents of FoodIntroduction to Vitamins and Minerals

Introduction to Vitamins and Minerals

Table of Contents

  • Vitamins and Minerals
  • Important Vitamins and Minerals
  • Importance of Vitamins and Minerals
  • Vitamins and Minerals as Supplements
  • Deficiency Disorder
  • Summary
  • Did You Know?
  • What’s Next?

In the previous segment, we learned about the Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats. In this segment, we will learn about vitamins and minerals.

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    Vitamins and minerals

    What are the functions of vitamins and minerals?

    The main function of vitamins and minerals is the proper utilisation of other food components. Other nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats are consumed by humans which need to be absorbed into the blood and distributed all over the body. This is taken care of by the vitamins and minerals. They even help in regulating the proper functioning of the body.

    What are the sources of vitamins and minerals?

    A diet that includes leafy vegetables, whole grains, cereals, fruits, low-fat dairy products and also meat, contains vitamins and minerals to a good extent.

    Which are the important vitamins and minerals required by the body?

    Vitamins like Vitamin A, B complex, C, D, E, and K are important vitamins required by the body. Minerals like calcium, iron, iodine, phosphorus and zinc are also equally important in the diet.

    Importance of vitamins and minerals

    Vitamins and Minerals are required by humans and other animals for normal growth and maintenance of their bodies. It means that these nutrients are so important that humans and other animals will fail to survive without consuming them. They protect the body from diseases by providing it with necessary immunity to fight against disease-causing germs. Hence, they are also referred to as ‘Protective foods’.

    What are Supplements?

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