Introduction to Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They can cause pain and other problems. Kidney stones form when high levels of certain minerals in the urine cause crystals to form. These crystals can grow into stones over time.
A kidney is a bean-shaped organ located on either side of the spine. It filters waste products and excess fluid from the blood and passes them out of the body in the form of urine.
Structure of Kidney
A human kidney is a bean-shaped organ that filters the blood to remove waste products and excess fluid. The kidneys are located deep in the body, one on either side of the spine. Each kidney is about the size of a fist and is surrounded by a tough fibrous capsule. The outer layer of the kidney is called the cortex and the inner layer is called the medulla. The medulla is divided into several regions called renal pyramids. The apex of each pyramid is the point where the renal artery enters the kidney. The renal veins exit the kidney at the base of the pyramids.
The cortex is divided into an outer region and an inner region. The outer region is called the renal cortex and the inner region is called the renal medulla. The renal medulla is divided into several regions called renal pyramids. The renal pyramids are arranged in a honeycomb pattern. The apex of each pyramid is the point where the renal artery enters the kidney. The renal veins exit the kidney at the base of the pyramids.
The renal arteries and veins carry blood through the kidney. The renal arteries carry blood from the aorta to the renal pyramids. The renal veins carry blood from the renal pyramids to the vena cava. The renal pyramids contain the renal tubules. The renal tubules are responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste products and excess fluid. The renal pelvis is a funnel-shaped structure that collects the filtered
Anatomy of the Kidney
The kidney is a bean-shaped organ that sits below the ribcage on the right side of the body. It filters blood to remove waste and produce urine. The kidney has a number of important functions, including:
– Filtering blood to remove waste products and excess fluid
– Regulating blood pressure
– Producing erythropoietin, which helps to produce red blood cells
– Storing urine
The kidney is divided into two parts: the outer cortex and the inner medulla. The cortex is the outer layer of the kidney and is responsible for filtering blood. The medulla is the inner layer of the kidney and is responsible for producing urine.
The kidney is surrounded by a tough fibrous capsule. Within the kidney, there are a number of different structures, including:
– The renal artery, which carries blood to the kidney
– The renal vein, which carries blood away from the kidney
– The renal pelvis, which collects urine from the renal tubules
– The ureter, which carries urine from the renal pelvis to the bladder
The renal tubules are the tiny tubes within the kidney that filter blood and produce urine. Urine passes from the renal tubules to the renal pelvis, and then to the ureter, which carries it to the bladder.
Functions of the Kidney
The kidney is responsible for many essential functions in the body, including filtering blood, regulating electrolytes and fluid balance, and producing hormones. The kidneys also play a role in metabolism and can help to regulate blood pressure.
Diseases That Affect the Kidney Health
There are a plethora of diseases that can affect kidney health, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and autoimmune diseases like lupus. Kidneys can also be damaged by a urinary tract infection, a blockage in the urinary tract, or a tumor. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, toxins and waste can build up in the body, leading to a condition called renal failure.
There are a variety of kidney treatments available, depending on the underlying cause of the kidney disease. Treatments may include medications, surgery, or dialysis.
Medications may include drugs to help control blood pressure, regulate potassium or phosphorus levels, or remove waste products from the blood.
Surgery may be necessary to remove a blockage in the urinary tract, correct an anatomical defect, or remove a tumor.
Dialysis is a treatment that uses a machine to remove waste products and excess water from the blood. This is often necessary for people with chronic kidney disease.