What is the Living World ?
The living world is a vast and complex ecosystem that includes all of the plants, animals and microorganisms on Earth. The living world is dynamic, constantly changing in response to the physical and chemical environment. The living world is home to an incredible diversity of species, each with its own unique set of adaptations.
The living world is essential to human life and civilization. Plants produce oxygen and food, and provide shelter and other resources. Animals are sources of food, clothing, transportation and other essential goods. Microorganisms are essential to the health of the environment and play a critical role in the cycling of nutrients and energy.
The living world is in danger of being destroyed by human activity. Habitat destruction, pollution and over-exploitation are causing the loss of species at an alarming rate. If we don’t take steps to protect the living world, we could lose many of the benefits it provides us.
Taxonomic categories are a way of organizing living things into groups based on their similarities. The most basic taxonomic category is the species. Species are groups of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring. Organisms that cannot interbreed are placed in different species.
Beyond species, taxonomic categories get more complex. There are different levels of classification, starting with the kingdom. The kingdom is the largest category and includes all organisms that share a common characteristic, such as being able to produce oxygen. The next level of classification is the phylum, which includes all organisms that share a common body plan.
The next level of classification is the class, which includes all organisms that share a common set of characteristics. For example, all vertebrates are in the same class. The next level of classification is the order, which includes all organisms that share a common set of characteristics, but are not in the same class.
The next level of classification is the family, which includes all organisms that share a common set of characteristics, but are not in the same order. The next level of classification is the genus, which includes all organisms that share a common set of characteristics, but are not in the same family.
The final level of classification is the species. Species are the most specific category and include all organisms that share a common set of characteristics.
Characteristics of Living Organisms / Characteristics of Living Things
Living organisms are characterized by being able to:
1. Reproduce. They create new organisms similar to themselves through the process of cell division.
2. Respond to their environment. They can sense and respond to changes in their environment, including things like light, heat, and chemicals.
3. Grow and Develop. They undergo changes over time as they grow and mature.
4. Extract and use energy from their environment. They convert energy from their environment into the molecules and energy they need to survive.
5. maintain homeostasis. This is the ability to regulate their internal environment, keeping things like temperature, pH, and salt levels stable.
The Taxonomic Hierarchy Follows the Below Categories
Domain: This is the highest rank and includes all living things.
Kingdom: This includes all plants and animals.
Phylum: This includes all animals with a backbone.
Class: This includes all mammals.
Order: This includes all carnivores.
Family: This includes all dogs.
Genus: This includes all German Shepherds.
Species: This includes all individual dogs.