EVSSeperation and SubstancesEvaporation and Condensation

Evaporation and Condensation

Table of Contents

  • Evaporation
  • Condensation
  • Summary
  • What’s Next?

In the previous segment, we looked at filtration. In this segment of the chapter ‘Separation of Substances’, we will learn about evaporation and condensation.

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    What is Evaporation?

    The process of conversion of water into its vapour is called evaporation. Evaporation is used to separate dissolved components from a liquid.

    For example, the evaporation of seawater helps us obtain salts. Seawater is collected in large panels near the sea. When water from these panels evaporates, it leaves behind the salts dissolved in it. The salts can then be collected, purified and processed further to obtain the common salt that we use daily.

    What is Condensation?

    Condensation is the opposite process of evaporation.

    Condensation means converting the gaseous form of any substance into a liquid state. So in case of steam, it is converted to its liquid form, which is water.

    Summary

    Evaporation

    The process of conversion of water into its vapour

    Condensation

    Converting the gaseous form of any substance into a liquid state

    What’s next?

    In our next segment of Class 06 Science, we will learn about multiple methods used to separate mixtures.

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