MathsFractionsAddition and Subtraction of Fractions

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions

Table of Contents

  • Addition of Two Fractions
    • Addition of Like Fractions
    • Addition of Unlike Fractions
  • Subtraction of Two Fractions
    • Subtraction of Like Fractions
    • Subtraction of Unlike Fractions
  • Summary
  • What’s Next?

In the previous segment of Class 6 Maths, we discussed How to convert unlike fractions easily. Here let us learn about How to add and subtract fractions.

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    How to add two fractions?

    Adding like fractions

    While adding two like fractions, add the numerator of both the fractions and place the sum over the common denominator of these fractions.

    For example,

    3 + 4 =

    5 5

    3+4 = 7

    5 5

    Adding unlike fractions

    While adding two unlike fractions we convert them to like fractions and then add them. Here is an example to understand how it is done.

    To add 1

    2

    ???

    3 we will use the following steps:

    5

    ,

    Step 1: Identify the denominators of the given unlike fractions.

    Here, 2 and 5 are the denominators.

    Step 2: Find the LCM of these denominators.

    LCM of 2 and 5 is 10.

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