PhysicsElectricity and CircuitsWhat are Conductors and Insulators?

What are Conductors and Insulators?

Table of Contents

  • Electrical Conductor – Definition
  • Electrical Insulator – Definition
  • Summary
  • What’s Next?

In the previous segment, we learnt the working of an electric torch. Now, we will learn about electrical conductors and insulators.

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    Materials that allow the transfer of something through themselves are called Conductors and the materials that resist the transfer of something through themselves are called Insulators. Now based on this, let’s understand electrical conductors and insulators.

    What are Electrical Conductors?

    Electric conductors are materials that allow the electric current to flow through them.

    Examples of conductors

    Almost all metals conduct electricity. Examples of electrical conductors are copper, silver, gold, aluminium, iron, mercury and many more.

    The human body is also a conductor of electricity. This is the reason we get an electric shock if we are not careful. The electric current flows through the body towards the earth.

    What are Electrical Insulators?

    Electric insulators are materials that do not allow the electricity to flow through them.

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