ArithmeticIn what ratio should freely available water be mixed with the wine worth Rs 60 per litre so that after selling the mixture at Rs 50 per litre, the profit will be 25%?

In what ratio should freely available water be mixed with the wine worth Rs 60 per litre so that after selling the mixture at Rs 50 per litre, the profit will be 25%?

  1. A

    4:1

  2. B

    1:2 

  3. C

    5:1

  4. D

    1:5

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    Solution:

    Solution: Let x is the cost of  pure wine.  Then the cost of  resultant mixture x+25%  of  x=50

    100x+25x=50×100

    x=5000125=40

    So wine of  Rs 40 (CP) sold at Rs 50 (SP)

    Now in Rs 60 per litres wine

    So in 40 =4060=23part wine remaining =13water

    Ratio of water : wine = 13:23=1:2

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