BiologyPlasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of the most severe form of malaria. It is distributed throughout the tropics. Explain why malaria is restricted to the tropics?

Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of the most severe form of malaria. It is distributed throughout the tropics. Explain why malaria is restricted to the tropics?

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    Solution:

    Plasmodium falciparum is a digenic protozoan and completes its life cycle in man and mosquito (female Anopheles). It causes malaria in humans. Malaria spreads when an infected mosquito bites man. Temperature of above 20°C is favourable for the growth of Plasmodium falciparum. The average temperature range in tropics is about 18 to 25 °C. Mosquitoes breed in these warm conditions. It thrives in areas with stagnant water. Hence, malaria is restricted to the tropics. 

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