BotanyIn C4 plants, the process by which C4 acid is converted into C3 acid in the bundle sheath cell is known as

In C4 plants, the process by which C4 acid is converted into C3 acid in the bundle sheath cell is known as

  1. A

    carboxylation

  2. B

    regeneration

  3. C

    reduction

  4. D

    decarboxylation

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    Solution:

    In C4 plants , the process by which C4 acids are converted into C3 acids in the bundle sheath cell is known as decarboxylation. Shortly after the discovery of the C4 cycle the Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) pathway was dissected and elucidated as a C4 variant. This pathway is found in desert succulents and epiphytes. In the typical C4 cycle, the fixation reaction occurred in a mesophyll cell and the decarboxylation reaction occurred in a bundle sheath cell, Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2). Enzymes that catalyze decarboxylation are called decarboxylases.

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