ChemistryAmmonolysis of alkyl halides followed by the treatment with NaOH can be used to prepare primary,secondary and tertiary amines. The purpose of NaOH in the reaction is:

Ammonolysis of alkyl halides followed by the treatment with NaOH  can be used to prepare primary,secondary and tertiary amines.

The purpose of NaOH in the reaction is:

  1. A
    To activate NH3 used in the reaction
  2. B
    To remove acidic impurities
  3. C
    To increase the reactivity of alkyl halide
  4. D
    To remove basic impurities

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    Solution:

    Free amine obtained from ammonium salt with NaOH, & acidic impurities are removed by NaOH

    RX+NH3RNH3+XRNH3X+NaOHRNH2+NaX+H2O

    Similarly 2°, 3° amines can also be prepared

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