Based on molecular orbital theory, identify the species with minimum O —O bond length

Based on molecular orbital theory, identify the species with minimum O O bond length

  1. A

    O2

  2. B

    O2+

  3. C

    O2-

  4. D

    O2-2

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    Solution:

    O2-2-KK'σ2s2σ2s*2σ2pz2π2px2π2py2π2px*2π2py*2

    O2--KK'σ2s2σ 2s*2σ2pz2π2py2π2py2π2px*2π2py*1

    O2 -KK'σ2s2σ2s*2σ2pz2π2px2π2py2π2px*1π2py*1

    O2+-KK'σ2s2σ2s*2σ2pz2π2px2π2py2π2px*1π2py*0

    Bond order in 

    O2-2=10-82=1; O2-=10-72=1.5; O2=10-62=2; O2+=10-52=2.5;

     O bond length in

    O2-2>O2->O2>O2+

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