ChemistryAn element with Z = 28 belongs to……period of modern periodic table

An element with Z = 28  belongs to……period of modern periodic table

  1. A
    2
  2. B
    3
  3. C
    4
  4. D
    5

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    Solution:

    Hints to predict the position of element in the Modern periodic table :

    1)Elements from Z = 58-71……Lanthanoids…..4f series….6th period……3rd(IIIB) group;

    2)Elements from Z = 90-103……Actinoids…..5f series….7th period……3rd(IIIB) group;

    3)Elements from Z = 104-118………..Last two digits gives group number….. 7th period;

    4)Elements from Z = 31-57….subtract 18 to get preceding element;

    5)Elements from Z = 72-89….subtract 32 to get preceding element;

    6)Elements from Z = 104-120….subtract 32 to get preceding element ;

    For Z=104-120….simplest Hint

    7)Elements from Z = 104-120….subtract 82 to get a lower member(Z<30) belonging to same group;

    Hints 4, 5 and 6 can be used repeatedly until an element belonging to same group with Z < 30 is obtained;

    Elements with Z < 30 with their group, period and block can be known from Electronic configuration;

    Ex : Z=110, 78, 46, 28….belong to 10th(VIII) group;

    (110-32)=78; (78-32)=46; (46-18)=28;

    (n-1)d1-10ns1-2 ;

    Note : Many elements of d-block have anomalous configuration. So only GEC of each group is highlighted;

    Z = 28…….Ni…  4s23d8…….n=4…..4th period…..d-block….…..10th group;

    Z = 46…….Pd………….….….n=5….5th period……d-block……...10th group;

    Z = 78…….Pt…………..………n=6….6th period……d-block…..…10th group;

    Z = 110…..Ds…………..……..n=7…..7th period……..d-block..……..10th group;

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