UncategorizedHow many groups are of o/p director in the electrophilic aromatic substitution ?

How many groups are of o/p director in the electrophilic aromatic substitution ?

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    Solution:

    Ortho and para directing groups are  :-

    • O, −OH, −OR, −NH2​, −NHR, −NR2​, OOR, NOR, −CH3​ , alkyl group, −SH, −SR, −F, −Cl, −Br, −I
    • Ortho and para directing groups give ortho  and para substituents as major products and meta directing as minor products 
    • Also, activating groups increase the rate of electrophile aromatic substitution, relative  to hydrogen.
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