# Portland cement is manufactured by using

1. A

Lime stone, clay and sand

2. B

Lime stone, gypsum and sand

3. C

Lime stone, gypsum  and alumina

4. D

Lime stone, clay and gypsum

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### Solution:

Portland cement is the most common type of cement general use around the world, used as a basic ingredient of concrete mortar, stucco and most non-speciality grout. It developed from other types of hydraulic lime in England in the mid 19th century and usually originates from limestone.
It is a fine powder produced by heating materials in a kiln to form what is called clinker, grinding the clinker, and adding small amounts of other materials. Several types of Portland cement are available with the most common being called ordinary Portland cement (OPC) which is grey in color, but a white Portland cement is also available.

Lime stone -  ${\mathrm{CaCO}}_{3}$

Clay - silica and alumina

Gypsum - ${\mathrm{CaSO}}_{4}\cdot 2{\mathrm{H}}_{2}\mathrm{O}$

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