Statement 1 : Elemental nitrogen exists as a diatomic molecule and phosphorous as tetratomic molecule.Statement 2 : Nitrogen does not have vacant d-orbital whereas phosphorus have vacant d-orbital.

Statement 1 : Elemental nitrogen exists as a diatomic molecule and phosphorous as tetratomic molecule.

Statement 2 : Nitrogen does not have vacant d-orbital whereas phosphorus have vacant d-orbital.

  1. A

    Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are true .

  2. B

     Statement 1 is true and Statement 2 is false.

  3. C

     Statement 1 is false and Statement 2 is true.

  4. D

    Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are false.

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    Solution:

    Elemental nitrogen exists as a diatomic molecule because nitrogen can form multiple bonds which is not possible in case of phosphorus due to repulsion between non-bonded electrons of the inner core. There is no such repulsion in case of smaller nitrogen atoms as they have only 1s2 electrons in their inner core.

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