GeographyMost of the petroleum occurrences in India are associated with anticlines and ____.

Most of the petroleum occurrences in India are associated with anticlines and ____.


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    Solution:

    Most of the petroleum occurrences in India are associated with anticlines and Fault traps.
    Petroleum refineries serve as a "nodal industry" for the synthetic textile, fertiliser, and chemical industries. Most of the petroleum deposits in India got connected with anticlines and fault traps in tertiary rock strata. It occurs where oil gets trapped in the crest of an upright in folds, anticlines, or domes. The oil-bearing layer has a porous limestone or sandstone that allows the oil to flow through it. Non-porous layers that are present prevent the oil from rising or settling. Petroleum was discovered in fault traps formed by porous and non-porous rocks. Because gas is lighter, it frequently occurs above the oil.
     
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