EnglishGeographyRead the extract given below and answer the question that follow:We have shared our land with the past generations and will have to do so with the future generations too. Ninety-five per cent of our basic needs for food, shelter and clothing are obtained from land. Human activities have not only brought about degradation of land but have also aggravated the pace of natural forces to cause damage to land.Some human activities such as deforestation, overgrazing, mining and quarrying too have contributed significantly in land degradation.Mining sites are abandoned after excavation work is complete leaving deep scars and trades of over burdening. In states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha deforestation due to mining have caused severe land degradation. In states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra overgrazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation. In the states of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, over irrigation is responsible for land degradation due to water logging leading to increase in salinity and alkalinity in the soil. The mineral processing like grinding of limestone for cement industry and calcite and soapstone for ceramic industry generate huge quantities of dust in the atmosphere. It retards the process of infiltration of water into the soil after it settles down on the land. In recent years, industrial effluents as waste have become a major source of land and water pollution in many parts of the country.Name some Indian states which are deforested due to mining and overgrazing activities.

Read the extract given below and answer the question that follow:


We have shared our land with the past generations and will have to do so with the future generations too. Ninety-five per cent of our basic needs for food, shelter and clothing are obtained from land. Human activities have not only brought about degradation of land but have also aggravated the pace of natural forces to cause damage to land.Some human activities such as deforestation, overgrazing, mining and quarrying too have contributed significantly in land degradation.Mining sites are abandoned after excavation work is complete leaving deep scars and trades of over burdening. In states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha deforestation due to mining have caused severe land degradation. In states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra overgrazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation. In the states of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, over irrigation is responsible for land degradation due to water logging leading to increase in salinity and alkalinity in the soil. The mineral processing like grinding of limestone for cement industry and calcite and soapstone for ceramic industry generate huge quantities of dust in the atmosphere. It retards the process of infiltration of water into the soil after it settles down on the land. In recent years, industrial effluents as waste have become a major source of land and water pollution in many parts of the country.


Name some Indian states which are deforested due to mining and overgrazing activities.


  1. A
    Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh
  2. B
    Karnataka and Kerala
  3. C
    Ladakh and Kashmir
  4. D
    Lakshadweep 

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    Solution:

    Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are deforested due to mining and overgrazing activities.
    Minerals are found abundantly in the Indian subcontinent. The discovery of these minerals led to the development of different sectors and the nation's development. However, the minerals are mostly seen deep inside the Earth's crust. This requires mining to take out these elements. Mining leads to the clearing of forest cover in the region. The clearing of forest cover is irreversible since mining destroys land balance and affects soil fertility. The land becomes a mine spoil, where no vegetation can be grown. Uncontrolled grazing activities cause overgrazing. Overgrazing and mining are the causes of deforestation in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra.
     
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