HistoryAssertion(A): Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote ‘Vande Mataram’ as a hymn to the motherland and it was later included in his novel Anandamath and widely sung during the Swadeshi movement. Reason(R): Abanindranath Tagore painted his famous image of Bharat Mata, which is portrayed as an ascetic figure, who is calm, composed, divine, and spiritual.

Assertion(A): Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote ‘Vande Mataram' as a hymn to the motherland and it was later included in his novel Anandamath and widely sung during the Swadeshi movement.


Reason(R): Abanindranath Tagore painted his famous image of Bharat Mata, which is portrayed as an ascetic figure, who is calm, composed, divine, and spiritual.


  1. A
    Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
  2. B
    Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. C
    (A) is true but (R) is false.
  4. D
    (A) is false but (R) is true. 

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    Solution:

    It was not until the 20th century, with the rise of nationalism, that Indian identity was closely associated with prints, symbols and songs. For example, Vande Mataram was a Bengali poem by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, included in the 1881 book Anandamath. Eventually, it became a famous march for the Swadeshi movements.
    Abanindranath Tagore painted the famous image of Bharat Mata, portrayed as an ascetic figure who is calm, composed, divine, and spiritual. The portrait of Bharat Mata received many variations, as it was distributed in famous texts and was painted by various artists.
    Thus Option 2 is correct. Both are true, but the reason is not the correct explanation for this assertion.
     
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