HistoryAssertion(A): The Rowlatt Act was passed in 1919. Reason(R): The Act allowed the detention of political prisoners without trial for three years.

Assertion(A): The Rowlatt Act was passed in 1919.


Reason(R): The Act allowed the detention of political prisoners without trial for three years.


  1. A
    Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
  2. B
    Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. C
    (A) is true but (R) is false.
  4. D
    (A) is false but (R) is true. 

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    Solution:

    Encouraged by his achievements in India, Gandhiji chose to organise a cross-country satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act of 1919. This Act had been briskly gone through the Imperial Legislative Council regardless of the assembled resistance of the Indian individuals.
    It gave the public authority tremendous powers to curb political exercises and permitted the custody of political detainees without permission for two years. Mahatma Gandhi needed peaceful common ground in subordination against such vile regulations, which would begin with a hartal on 6 April. That is the reason behind the answer.
    Thus the assertion is true, but the reason is false, so option three is correct.
     
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