Solution:The above statement is true.
Italy had a long history of political fragmentation. Italy was divided into seven parts (states) in the 19th century. During this period, fragmented Italy was ruled by different monarchs. At that time, Italy was not a republic. Of the seven states of Italy, only Sardinia- Piedmont's ruler was Italian. The seven rulers of the states of Italy were Pope, the Bourbon dynasty, and Austria. The fragmentation of Italy was the reason for an economic recession in Italy. Italy was fragmented because the neighbouring countries and some dynasties kept an eye on Italy. The weakening of the political-economic of Italy led the other rulers to annex part. That is how different political rulers politically fragmented Italy.