Both 1 and 2
None of these
Solution:In the visual representation of a nation, a crown of oak leaves is worn by "Germania". Germania represents the nation-state of Germany as was visualised by the artists as an allegory in the 18th/19th century. Germania wears an oak leaves crown. The German oak stands for heroism. An olive branch around the sword in her right hand indicates her willingness to make peace. A breastplate with an eagle is a symbol of the German empire and strength. A broken chain indicates being freed. The ray of the rising sun indicates the beginning of a new era. A sword indicates readiness to fight. The tricolour of red, black, and gold was the flag of liberal nationalists in 1848.