HistoryRead the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:This sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles. But there were also a variety of cultural processes through which nationalism captured people’s imagination. History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism. The identity of the nation is most often symbolised in a figure or image. This helps create an image with which people can identify the nation. It was in the twentieth century, with the growth of nationalism, that the identity of India came to be visually associated with the image of Bharat Mata. The image was first created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. In the 1870s he wrote ‘Vande Mataram’ as a hymn to the motherland. Later it was included in his novel Anandmath and widely sung during the Swadeshi movement in Bengal. Moved by the Swadeshi movement, Abanindranath Tagore painted his famous image of Bharat Mata. In this painting Bharat Mata is portrayed as an ascetic figure, she is calm, composed, divine and spiritual. In subsequent years, the image of Bharat Mata acquired many different forms, as it circulated in popular prints, and was painted by different artists. Devotion to this mother figure came to be seen as evidence of one’s nationalism.The main motive behind the launching of the Swadeshi Movement was:

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:


This sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles. But there were also a variety of cultural processes through which nationalism captured people's imagination. History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism. The identity of the nation is most often symbolised in a figure or image. This helps create an image with which people can identify the nation. It was in the twentieth century, with the growth of nationalism, that the identity of India came to be visually associated with the image of Bharat Mata. The image was first created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. In the 1870s he wrote 'Vande Mataram' as a hymn to the motherland. Later it was included in his novel Anandmath and widely sung during the Swadeshi movement in Bengal. Moved by the Swadeshi movement, Abanindranath Tagore painted his famous image of Bharat Mata. In this painting Bharat Mata is portrayed as an ascetic figure, she is calm, composed, divine and spiritual. In subsequent years, the image of Bharat Mata acquired many different forms, as it circulated in popular prints, and was painted by different artists. Devotion to this mother figure came to be seen as evidence of one's nationalism.


The main motive behind the launching of the Swadeshi Movement was:


  1. A
    To promote the Gandhian idea of self-dependency.
  2. B
    To oppose the arrest of nationalists by the government.
  3. C
    To oppose the division of Bengal into two parts.
  4. D
    To promote Vande Mataram to unite 

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    Solution:

    The main motive behind the launching of the Swadeshi Movement was To oppose the division of Bengal into two parts. The Swadeshi movement was introduced when Lord Curzon, then the Viceroy of India, announced the division of Bengal in July 1905. Then, the Indian National Congress began the Swadeshi movement in Bengal. The Swadeshi movement was introduced as a protest movement that also led to the boycott movement in the country. It was intended to change the economic context in India by the principles of Swadeshi. Its main objective was to boycott British products and use only Indian-made products. Three main features of the Swadeshi movement were non-cooperation with the British government, which caused them to collapse; boycotting British goods and using only swadeshi goods; using only card stock and swadeshi clothing.
     
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