Solution:The poor began to eat better and live longer in England with the introduction of potatoes. Many thousands of years ago, Andean farmers brought potatoes under control. The potatoes and other agricultural products from the New World were carried back to Europe by the Spanish. In the past, wheat was the primary source of carbohydrates in Europe. Men used horse-drawn, ox-drawn, or horse-drawn ploughs to plant this large-acreage crop. When potatoes first came to Europe, they quickly became a staple food. The poor in England began to eat better and live longer after the potato arrived. A team of oxen, a plough, and a spade can cultivate potatoes, as can peasants without access to land.