HistoryWhat is the meaning of Romanticism?

What is the meaning of Romanticism?


  1. A
    An event that mobilised nationalist feelings among the educated Elite across Europe.
  2. B
    Romanticism believed that established, traditional institutions of state and society– like themonarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family should be preserved.
  3. C
    A cultural movement which sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment.
  4. D
    All of the above.  

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    Solution:

    Romanticism was a cultural movement which sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment.
    Romanticism believed that established, traditional institutions of state and society- like the monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family should be preserved.
    In the following respects, it helped to prepare the path for nationalism:
  • Romantic poets and artists typically criticised the worship of logic and science in favour of emphasising feelings, intuition, and mysticism. To build a nation, they sought to instil a sense of a common cultural past and shared national heritage.
  • Romantics like the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder asserted that the Volk, or ordinary people, were where authentic German culture could be found. The original spirit of the country (volksgeist) was popularised through folk music, poetry, and dance.
  • Local dialects were emphasised to reach vast, largely illiterate audiences with the new nationalist message.

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