Solution:The Dutch colonists imposed the deforestation ideology on the local people of Java.
In Java, Indonesia, the Dutch began managing forests. Like the British, they desired the timber of Java to construct ships. Many people lived in the highlands and practised shifting agriculture in Java, which was seen to be unproductive by the colonists. However, there were also many settlements in the fertile lowlands. When it became crucial to govern terrain rather than merely people in the nineteenth century, the Dutch in Java implemented forest rules that limited villager access to forests. In addition, they attempted to force scientific forestry ideas on the villagers that differed from their ways of living.