Solution:John Locke refutes the concept of divine and unquestionable rights. Locke denied the idea of the divine and the monarch's infinite power in his Two Treatises of Government. The political philosophy book Two Treatises of Government by John Locke was published in 1689 under a false name. John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau envisioned a society where everyone had the same opportunities, rights, and freedoms. Rousseau advanced the idea by advocating a kind of government built on a social contract between the people and their representatives.