HistoryWho introduced the Permanent Settlement of land in Bengal?

Who introduced the Permanent Settlement of land in Bengal?


  1. A
    Lord Hastings
  2. B
    William Bentick
  3. C
    Lord Cornwallis
  4. D
    None of these 

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    Solution:

    Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Settlement of land in Bengal.
    Essentially, the Company and the zamindars agreed to fix the land revenue. This was implemented in Bengal, Bihar, and Odisha before being adopted in the northern Madras Presidency. In England, the landlords were the permanent owners of their properties, and they collected rent from the peasants and looked after their interests. Cornwallis was intrigued by this system and used it as a model. In India, he envisioned the emergence of a class of hereditary landowners. The Zamindari System was another name for this system.
     
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