Solution:Concept: When a portion of the Earth enters the moon's shadow, the sun is further obscured, either entirely or partially, and a solar eclipse is said to occur. Moreover, the Moon, Sun, and The Earth have to be aligned for the solar eclipse to occur. Typically, the moon completely blocks out the Sun's disc for total eclipses, whereas partial or annular eclipses just partially block it out.
Because the new moon must occur within the eclipse season, complete eclipses are typically thought to be rare.
As a result, we discovered that when the sun is eclipsed, the moon passes between the earth and the sun, casting its shadow across the planet.
Hence, the correct answer is option (2) .