Out of 3n consecutive integers, three are selected at random. Find the probability that their sum is divisible by 3, is

# Out of 3n consecutive integers, three are selected at random. Find the probability that their sum is divisible by 3, is

1. A

$\frac{n\left(3{n}^{2}-3n+2\right)}{2}$

2. B

$\frac{3{n}^{2}-3n+2}{2\left(3n-1\right)\left(3n-2\right)}$

3. C

$\frac{3{n}^{2}-3n+2}{\left(3n-1\right)\left(3n-2\right)}$

4. D

$\frac{n\left(3n-1\right)\left(3n\mid -2\right)}{3\left(n-1\right)}$

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### Solution:

Let the sequence of $3n$ consecutive integers begins with the integer m. Then, the $3n$ consecutive integers are

$m,m+1,m+2,\dots ,m+\left(3n-1\right)$

Out of these integers, 3 integers can be chosen in  ways.

Let us divide these $3n$ consecutive integers into three groups

and ${G}_{3}$ as follows:

$\begin{array}{l}{G}_{1}:m,m+3,m+6,\dots ,m+\left(3n-3\right)\\ {G}_{2}:m+1,m+4,m+7,\dots ,m+\left(3n-2\right)\\ {G}_{3}:m+2,m+5,m+8,\dots ,m+\left(3n-1\right)\end{array}$

The sum of 3 integers chosen from the given 3n integers will be divisible by 3 if either all the three integers are chosen from the same group or one integer is chosen from each group. The number of ways that the three integers are from the same

group is  and the number of ways that the

integers are from different groups is

So, the number of ways in which the sum of three integers is divisible by 3 is

Hence, required probability

$=\frac{3{n}^{2}-3n+2}{\left(3n-1\right)\left(3n-2\right)}$

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