Out of 3n consecutive integers, three are selected at random. Find the probability that their sum is divisible by 3, is

Out of 3n consecutive integers, three are selected at random. Find the probability that their sum is divisible by 3, is

  1. A

    n3n23n+22

  2. B

    3n23n+22(3n1)(3n2)

  3. C

    3n23n+2(3n1)(3n2)

  4. D

    n(3n1)(3n2)3(n1)

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    Solution:

    Let the sequence of 3n consecutive integers begins with the integer m. Then, the 3n consecutive integers are

    m,m+1,m+2,,m+(3n1)

    Out of these integers, 3 integers can be chosen in  3nC3 ways.

    Let us divide these 3n consecutive integers into three groups

    G1, G2 and G3 as follows:

    G1:m,m+3,m+6,,m+(3n3)G2:m+1,m+4,m+7,,m+(3n2)G3:m+2,m+5,m+8,,m+(3n1)

    The sum of 3 integers chosen from the given 3n integers will be divisible by 3 if either all the three integers are chosen from the same group or one integer is chosen from each group. The number of ways that the three integers are from the same

    group is  nC3+nC3+nC3 and the number of ways that the

    integers are from different groups is  nC1×nC1×nC1.

    So, the number of ways in which the sum of three integers is divisible by 3 is

     nC3+nC3+nC3+ nC1×nC1×nC1=3nC3+ nC13

    Hence, required probability =3×nC3+ nC13 3nC3

    =3n23n+2(3n1)(3n2)

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