Solution:Concept- Plant geneticist M.S. Swaminathan assisted in planning and directing the Green Revolution.
It is seen as a significant development effort to achieve food self-sufficiency in India. To increase the quality of crops, he also invented crop cafeterias, crop scheduling, and other genetic techniques. He published several research papers on potatoes, rice, jute, and other topics. He was also interested in preserving biodiversity, which he named the "Evergreen revolution." The technology of the Green Revolution involved bioengineered seeds that worked with chemical fertilizers and heavy irrigation to increase the crop yields.
Therefore M.S. Swaminathan is known as the father of the Green Revolution
Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.