CBSE Value-Based Questions
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Q.1. Why the Indian fanners should grow more pulses ?
Ans. (i) Pulses are the main source of protein in a vegetarian diet, and India is one of the largest consumers of them.
(ii) Pulses require less moisture and can thrive in arid environments.
(iii) Leguminous crops, such as pulses, aid in soil fertility restoration by fixing nitrogen from the air.
Q.2. Which fibre crop is known as golden fibre ?s Why is the golden fibre losing its market ? Why the products produced from golden fibre be promoted ?
Ans. Golden jute is a type of jute. Because of their high cost, jute products are losing market share. Because jute products are environmentally benign, they should be promoted.
Q.3. Explain any four factors which have hindered the pace of agricultural development in India.
Ans. (i) Agriculture overcrowding: The main issue in Indian agriculture is that there are far too many people who rely on it. Since 1901, the proportion of people who rely on agriculture has stayed nearly steady, at 70%.
(ii) Inputs problem: Indian agriculture has suffered due to a lack of money, seeds, fertilisers, marketing, and transportation.
(iii) Landholding Size: In India, the average landholding size is less than 2 hectares (5 acres). Agricultural holdings are not just tiny but also fragmented. In other sections of the country, land parcels have shrunk to the point where modern machinery cannot be used.
(iv) Over dependence on nature : In spite of the development of sources of irrigation, most of the farmers in large parts of the country still depend upon monsoon and natural fertility in order to carry on their agriculture.
Q.4. “The decline share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern”. Explain. [CfiSE 2012]
Ans. (i) The agricultural sector employs more than half of India’s working population.
(ii) Any decrease in agriculture’s percentage of GDP means lower food grain production, which could lead to a food shortage.
(iii) Any fall or stagnation in agriculture will result in a decline in other sectors of the economy, with broader societal ramifications.