NCERT Solutions for Social Science Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government – Free PDF Download
Chapter 4 of Civics for Class 6 introduces young minds to the concept of democracy. The kids will study the components of democracy and why they are crucial to the citizens of the country. This chapter will also look at how the engagement of all citizens leads to the establishment and implementation of the clauses. For convenient preparation, the highlights of this chapter may be found in the Key Elements of NCERT Solutions Democratic Government Class 6 Notes. Science, Maths, English, and Hindi would become easier to study if you have access to NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science, Maths, and other topics solutions.
You can also get NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths to help you revise the entire syllabus and improve your exam scores.
Ques 1. How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?
Ans. South Africa is no longer under the rule of Apartheid. As a result, Maya’s life would be different in the following ways:
- People are no longer separated or discriminated against on the basis of race. All have a right to equality and equal treatment.
- Everyone can access the basic amenities of life without fear.
- Every adult has the right to vote. Voting rights are not reserved for white people.
- The people have a right to organize peaceful protests.
- The people are free to learn whichever language they prefer.
Ques 2. What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?
Ans. The ways in which people participate in the process of government are as follows:
- Electing their representatives by voting in periodic elections
- Taking an interest in the working of their elected representatives and criticizing them when required.
- Expressing views and organizing social movements to make the government understand its responsibilities and the actions that it needs to take.
Ques 3. Why do you think we need the government to ﬁnd solutions to many disputes or conﬂicts?
Ans. The Indian Constitution lays down the basic rules that have to be followed by everyone—be it the government or the citizens.
The government is entrusted with the power and responsibility to see to it that the laws of the Constitution are followed by all the various individuals and groups present within the social, political, and economic spheres.
A conﬂict arises when there is a clash of interests. In such a case, the government steps in, in any of its various forms (courts, Panchayats, police, etc.), to bring about a peaceful and best possible resolution to the conﬂict.
It could be a conﬂict between two individuals, religious sects, between organizations, between an organization and its workers, or even between states.
Ques 4. What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?
Ans. A truly democratic government ensures equality and justice for all its citizens. Some of the ways by which a government can seek to address the twin issues of equality and justice are as follows:
- Implementing laws that ban discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, region, gender, wealth, language, etc.
- Providing provisions for groups that are at a disadvantage in society. For example, the scheduled castes and tribes, the backward classes, women and the girl child, certain religious minorities, small farmers, labourers, and the poor.
- Making available the basic requirements for proper food, clothing, shelter, education, and employment.
Ques 5. Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.
Ans. Key ideas of a democratic government:
- Regular elections
- Active participation by the people
- Resolution of conﬂicts and tensions
- Maintaining peace and calm
- Right to express opinions
Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics – Free PDF Download
Summary of Class 6 Notes on Key Elements of Democratic Government
Every person in a democratic government has the same rights. Constitutional law is also uniform across the board. The state of South Africa will be described in the first section of these notes. African Americans, white colonial people who landed and lived here for generations, Indians who were brought here as labourers, and individuals of other colours make up the population of this country.
One race cannot mix with the other, according to previous laws enacted and revised in this country. These races were separated from one another. Apartheid laws were enacted by colonial authorities and were revised until the formation of the African National Congress. The campaigners spoke out against the apartheid law’s horrors. For years, Nelson Mandela, the group’s leader, campaigned tirelessly against this illegal situation. In 1994, the activists were able to reclaim their win. When this law was repealed and all races were treated equally, South Africa became a democratic country.
Democracy entails that everyone is treated equally. It signifies that a leader will be chosen based on the majority’s decision. An election is a name for this procedure. Everyone has the right to elect a specific member from among the representatives through elections. These individuals are chosen to represent the public and make decisions on their behalf. According to the Key Elements of Democratic Government Class 6 Notes, when making such judgments, the representing leader must consider the best interests of everybody.
This is how a government for a set period of time is founded. The government is either re-elected or replaced in the following election based on its performance. In India, a government has five years to demonstrate its competence. The people decide whether or not a group of leaders will remain in power for the following five years. Elections are undertaken on a regular basis to limit the authority of the leaders.
How Do People Get Involved in Democracy?
If you look at the Key Elements of Democratic Government for Class 6 PPT, you’ll notice that elections occur every five years. People can criticize the way a government works for them in addition to voting and choosing a government. They are politically interested and study how a government serves the public in a regime.
Take a look at this example to see how people express their opinions about a government decision. The electricity bill was raised in 2005 for a specific cause. The general public was unhappy with the decision and expressed their displeasure through protests and marches.
They organized signature drives and protests across the country to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the decision. Despite the fact that the current government explained its decision, it had to submit to the authority of the people. The former version of the electricity bill was restored.
This demonstrates how common people’s attentiveness and awareness may be used to check any government’s use of power. The way ordinary people think and act determines the country’s democratic shape. Various political tools enable ordinary citizens to express their displeasure with a government’s actions.
Conflict Resolution: A Serious Concern
Conflicts can deteriorate when they are not controlled by those in positions of authority, according to history. It has the potential to result in violence, vandalism, and the deaths of many people. Chaos, riots, destruction, and other forms of violence spread like wildfire between two groups with opposing views and objectives. With so many languages and religions practiced, India is a varied country. All of these conflicts will be resolved by the government. The Key Elements of Democratic Government for Class 6 PPT includes exclusive examples.
The First and Most Important Pillars of Democracy are Justice and Equality.
The primary goal of establishing a democracy in a society is to treat all citizens equally. Regardless of caste, religion, or gender, justice should be served. Many societal stigmas and evil practices have been eliminated as a result of new regulations that people must adhere to. They must be well-educated in order to distinguish between good and evil. They must also determine whether they are politically motivated to make an irrational conclusion. To understand this chapter more effectively, use the Key Elements of Democratic Government Class 6 Notes.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is the Importance of Democracy?
- What is the purpose of the election?
- How to prepare for the exam with INFINITY LEARN’s NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life?
- What other INFINITY LEARN study materials can assist me in studying Social Science in Class 6?
- How trustworthy are INFINITY LEARN’s NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 4- Key Elements of a Democratic Government?
- According to Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life, what are the three elements of democratic government?
- According to Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life, how can individuals participate in governance outside of elections?
1. What is the Importance of Democracy?
Democracy is a concept that aims to treat everyone equally. Every citizen has the same right to practice and to be treated fairly when doing so. It is for this reason that democracy is so crucial.
2. What is the purpose of the election?
An election is held on a regular basis to select the most capable leaders and to replace the incumbents. It is done in order to limit the power of leaders and to assess their performance.
3. How to prepare for the exam with INFINITY LEARN’s NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life?
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life from INFINITY LEARN can be incredibly helpful in test preparation. Here’s how to get the most out of them:
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5. How trustworthy are INFINITY LEARN’s NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 4- Key Elements of a Democratic Government?
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6. According to Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life, what are the three elements of democratic government?
The following are the three components of a democratic government:
Participation: this refers to all citizens of a country participating in the decision-making process through elections. The leaders are chosen by a vote of the people.
Conflict resolution: this component ensures that any disputes are resolved within the confines of the country’s laws, rather than through the use of violence.
The main cornerstone of democracy is equality and justice. This assures that justice is administered equally to all people, regardless of their caste, creed, or gender.
7. According to Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life, how can individuals participate in governance outside of elections?
- Apart from voting, there are a variety of ways to participate in government:
- Taking an interest in how the government operates and, when necessary, criticizing it.
- Dharnas, rallies, strikes, signature campaigns, social media, and other means of expression
- Newspapers and other forms of media are also significant in this regard.
- Using a variety of peaceful methods to oppose undesired government decisions:
- Raising awareness of the government’s dubious and unjust policies among other citizens.