NCERT Book Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 – CBSE Term II Free PDF Download
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Geography in Class 9 One of the most essential resources for pupils is natural vegetation and wildlife. Students can improve their ability to communicate their responses in the CBSE Term II test by going over the solutions. It assists students in more successfully preparing for the exam. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife are available here. These solutions were produced by topic specialists just for pupils in Class 9. Students can use these answers to assist them to get good grades on the CBSE Term II test.
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:
(i) To which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?
(a) Tundra (c) Himalayan
(b) Tidal (d) Tropical Evergreen
Ans. (d) Tropical Evergreen
(ii) Cinchona trees are found in the areas of rainfall more than
(a) 100 cm (c) 70 cm
(b) 50 cm (d) less than 50 cm
Ans. (a) 100 cm
(iii) In which of the following state is the Simlipal bio-reserve located?
(a) Punjab (b) Delhi
(c) Odisha (d) West Bengal
Ans. (c) Odisha
(iv) Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network of bioreserve?
(a) Manas (c) Gulf of Mannar
(b) Nilgiri (d) Panna
Ans. (d) Panna
2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) What factors are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India?
A. The factors responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India are
i) The nature of land ii)Different types of soils
iii) Temperature along with humidity in the air and precipitation iv) The variation in duration of sunlight
(ii) What is a bio-reserve? Give two examples.
A. i) A protected area reserved for the conservation of endangered species of flora (plants) and fauna (animals) in their natural habitat.
ii. The Sunderbans in the West Bengal and Nanda Devi in Uttaranchal are the two examples.
(iii) Name two animals having habitat in tropical and montane type of vegetation.
A. i) The animals having habitat in tropical and montane type of vegetation are deer and monkey.
ii) The common animals found in these forests are goats with thick hair, sheep, rare red panda, bear, Shaggy horn wild ibex, squirrels, snow leopard, yak, Tibetan antelope, jack rabbit, wild sheep, spotted deer and Kashmir stag.
- Distinguish between
(i) Flora and Fauna
|i.||The term, flora is used to denote plants of a particular region.||i.||The term, fauna is used to denote Animals of a particular region.|
|ii.||There are more than 47,000 plant species in India.||ii.||There are more than 89,000 species of animals.|
(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests.
|Tropical Evergreen Forests||Deciduous Forests|
|i.||Located in regions of heavy rainfall more than 200 cm of rainfall.||i.||Located in regions of rainfall between
|ii.||Luxuriant vegetation of all kinds, trees, shrubs and creepers. Trees reach height of 60 meters.||ii.||These are most widespread forests of India. They are divided into moist and dry
|iii.||There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves, These forests generally appear green all the year round.||iii.||Trees of this forest type shed their leaves
for about 6-8 weeks in dry summer.
|iv.||Some important trees of this forest are
ebony, mahogany, rosewood, cinchona.
|iv.||Wet deciduous are found in regions between 100-200 cm of rainfall, e.g. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh. Example of trees-sal, kusum, mulberry. Dry deciduous are found in regions between 70-100 cm of rainfall, e.g. Bihar, Uttar Pradesh. Example of trees-teak, peepal and neem.|
|v.||Trees, shrubs and creepers give it a multi -layered structure.||v.||There are open stretches in which teak, peepal, neem sal grows.|
4. Name different types of Vegetation found in Indiaand describe the vegetation ofhigh altitudes.
A. i) Tropical Rain Forests.
ii) Tropical Deciduous Forests.
iii) Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
iv) TemperateForests with Grasslands.
Alpine and Tundra Vegetation
The vegetation of high altitudes.
i. At higher elevations, temperate grasslands are common.
ii. At high altitudes, generally, more than 3,600 metres above the sea level, temperate forests and grasslands give way to the Alpine vegetation. Silver fir, junipers, pines and birches are the common trees of these forests.
iii. However, they get progressively stunted as they approach the snow-line. Ultimately, through shrubs and scrubs, they merge into the Alpine grasslands.
iv. These are used extensively for grazing by nomadic tribes, like the Gujjars and the Bakarwals. At higher altitudes, mosses and lichens form part of tundra vegetation.
v. The common animals found in these forests are Kashmir stag, spotted dear, wild sheep, jack rabbit, Tibetan antelope, yak, snow leopard, squirrels, Shaggy horn wild ibex, bear and rare red panda, sheep and goats with thick hair.
5. Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?
A. Human beings influence the ecology of a region. They utilise the vegetation and wildlife. The greed of human beings leads to over-utilisation of these resources.
i) Habitatdestruction :The greatest danger to wildlife is the destruction of habitat. The cleaning of land for homes, farmland, dams and highways destroys the habitat of wildlife.
ii) Humanpredation :Hunting has been another major cause of extinction. Animals and birds are killed for their skin, feathers, and in some cases, for museum specimen.
iii) Pesticides and pollution : The use of pesticides and the pollution of the environment threaten many birds and animal species throughout the world.
iv) Industralisation:Pollution due to chemical and industrial waste is also causing a great threat to natural environment.
About 1,300 plant species are endangered and 20 species are extinct. Quite a few animal species are also endangered and some have become extinct.
6. Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?
A. India has a rich heritage of flora and fauna due to the followingreasons :
i) Land affects bio-diversity. Different types of vegetation occur in mountains, plateau and plain areas or in dry and wet regions. Each type of terrain and vegetation gives habitat to different types of animals.
ii) Different types of soils provide basis for different types of vegetation. For example, sandy soils support cactus and thorny bushes while wet marshy, deltaic soils support mangroves.
iii) Temperature, humidity and precipitation also affect the type of vegetation and wildlife. In hot wet regions of Assam and Kerala, elephants and tropical evergreen trees are found. In high mountains, coniferous forests can be seen. In Alpine, tundra region mosses and lichen grow and snow-leopards are found.
iv) Varyingamount of rainfall from 20 cm to 300 cm. Duration of rainfall period also varies and gives variety of vegetation.
v) The variation in duration of sunlight at different places due to difference in latitude and altitude, season and duration of the day also affect vegetation. Due to longer duration of sunlight, trees grow faster.
Summary of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Our nation India is one of the world’s 12 mega biodiversity countries. India ranks ninth in the world and fourth in Asia in terms of plant diversity, with over 47,000 species. India is one of the wealthiest countries in terms of flora and fauna due to its diversified animals and natural greenery.
The students will research the meteorological conditions in various locations of the country. Plants from a specific place or time period are referred to as flora. Animal species are referred to as fauna in the same way. Other significant characteristics of the country’s natural vegetation are listed below:
- Land and Soil Relief
- The weather
- Vegetation Types
- Evergreen Forests in the Tropics
- Forests of Tropical Deciduous Trees
- Scrubs and Thorn Forests in the Tropics
- Forests of the Alps
- Forests of Mangroves
There are around 90,000 animal species in India. There are around 2,000 bird species in the country. They make up 13% of the world’s population. There are 2,546 fish species in the globe, accounting for roughly 12% of the total stock. It is also home to 5% to 8% of the world’s amphibians, reptiles, and mammals.
Apart from this chapter, the linked page contains the entire collection of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Frequently Asked Questions
What kinds of questions can students answer with the help of the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5?
Students can use the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 to answer both intext and exercise problems. Students will gain a firm grasp on all topics and strengthen their conceptual knowledge by learning the answers to both sorts of questions. Students can start their CBSE Term II test preparations at any time by downloading the NCERT Solutions in PDF format. All of the answers are meticulously produced by INFINITY LEARN’S subject experts who have extensive expertise teaching the subject.
What are the advantages of using INFINITY LEARN’S NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5?
The benefits of using INFINITY LEARN’S NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 are as follows:
- Students will gain a thorough understanding of the subject’s essential concepts, which are critical for exam success.
- Subject experts write all of the solutions in basic, easy-to-understand language to help students learn the ideas quickly.
- The solutions are compliant with the most recent CBSE syllabus, standards, and grading schemes.
- Students will be able to enhance their presentation and time management skills, which are critical for exams, by referring to these solutions on a regular basis.
The important themes mentioned in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography are listed below.
The following are the main themes covered in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography:
- Land and Soil Relief
- a) Temperature
- b) Photoperiod
- c) Precipitation
- Vegetation Types
- a) Tropical Evergreen Forests
- b) Tropical Deciduous Forests
- c) Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
- d) Montane Forests
- e) Mangrove Forests