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Nitrobenzene can be prepared from benzene by using a mixture of conc. HNO3 and conc. H2SO4 In the nitrating mixture HNO3  acts as a:

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a
base 
b
acid
c
reducing agent
d
catalyst

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detailed solution

Correct option is A

Nitrobenzene can be prepared from benzene by using a mixture of conc. HNO3 and conc. H2SO4 In the nitrating mixture HNO3  acts as a base.

HNO3 acts as a base. It reacts with H2SO4 to form the electrophile NO2+ ions.

HNO3+2H2SO42HSO4+H3O++NO2+

solution

Hence, the option A is correct

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