Read the following passage carefully:
The civil war in Yemen, one of the Arab world's poorest countries, has grown even more violent since the start of this year. The Saudi-led coalition backing the country's official government has spent seven years fighting a rebel group called the Houthis, using mainly air strikes. They, in turn, have used drones and missiles to attack both Saudi Arabia and its ally, the United Arab Emirates. Because of the war, Yemen is now facing one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world.
In 2011, a popular uprising in Yemen forced its long-standing authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. However, the new president was overwhelmed with Yemen's economic problems, and security problems such as attacks by jihadists. The Houthis took advantage of his weakness. Formally known as the Ansar Allah (Partisans of God), they champion Yemen's Zaidi Shia Muslim minority. In early 2014, they seized control of Saada province, in the north of the country and then captured the nation's capital, Sanaa, forcing President Hadi to flee abroad in March 2015.
A Saudi-led multinational coalition intervened in the conflict in Yemen in March 2015. Yemen's neighbour Saudi Arabia was alarmed by the prospect of the Houthis taking control of Yemen, fearing it would become a satellite of its rival, Iran. In March 2015, it and other Arab states began an air campaign aimed at ousting the Houthis and restoring Mr Hadi's government. The coalition received logistical and intelligence support from the US, UK and France.
The UN has warned that over 100,000 people have been displaced because of the fighting there, and that two million civilians are at risk. It has called for a ceasefire. In 2022, the air war between the Houthis and the Saudi coalition has become more brutal.
The Houthis have attacked targets in Saudi Arabia and the UAE with ballistic missiles and drones, targeting not only sites including oil installations but also injuring civilians. The UN says both sides in the civil war may have committed war crimes. Both sides deny the allegation.
The United Nations says the conflict in Yemen has produced the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, with 24.1 million people - 80% of the population - needing humanitarian aid and protection. It predicts 19 million Yemenis will go hungry in the coming months, while more than 160,000 of them will face famine-like conditions.
More than 10,000 children have been killed in the fighting, according to the UN. The UN estimates that by the end of 2022, the conflict in Yemen would have caused over 377,000 deaths, with 60% of them the result of hunger, lack of healthcare and unsafe water. It says more than 10,200 children are known to have been killed or wounded as a direct result of the fighting
Attempt the following questions based on the passage:
In the context of the passage, which of the following statements is correct?
Western powers have maintained a neutral stance in Yemen.
Western powers have backed Iran.
Western powers have supported the UN in its peace building efforts.
Western powers have backed the Saudi-led coalition.
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