The colonies of recombinant bacteria appear white in contrast to blue colonies of non-recombinant bacteria because of
A recombinant DNA is inserted within the coding sequence of an enzyme, -galactosidase. This results into inactivation of the gene for synthesis of this enzyme, which is referred to as insertional inactivation. The presence of a chromogenic substrate gives blue coloured colonies if the plasmid in the bacteria does not have an insert. Presence of insert results into insertional inactivation of the -galactosidase gene and the colonies do not produce any colour, these are identified as recombinant colonies.