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A diatomic molecule has a dipole moment of 1.2 D. If the bond distance is 1.0 A, fraction of an electronic charge on each atom is

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a
0.25
b
0.33
c
0.66
d
0.90

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detailed solution

Correct option is A

μ=e×1 1.2×10−18 esu −cm=e×1.0×10−8cme=1.2×10−10 esu  charge on electron =4.8×10−10 esu  Thus, fraction of electric charge                                        =1.2×10−104.8×10−10=14=0.25

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