Three moles of an ideal gas are taken through a cyclic process ABCA as shown on T-V diagram in Fig. The gas loses 2510 J of heat in the complete cycle. If . The work done by the gas during the process BC is….. (Take R = 8.3 JmolK-1)
In the process AB, the volume V increases linearly with temperature T. hence AB is isobaric (constant pressure). Therefore, work done in this process is
Process CA is isochoric (constant volume). Hence work done in this process WCA = 0. Since the whole process ABCA is cyclic, the change in internal energy in the complete cycle is zero, i.e., . Now, from the first law of the thermodynamics, (Given Q = -2510 J)
The negative sign shows that the work is done by the gas.