Two wires are made of the same material and have the same volume. The first wire has cross-sectional area A and the second wire has cross-sectional area 3A. If the length of the first wire is increased by l on applying a force F, how much force is needed to stretch the second wire by the same amount?
Since initial volume of wires are same
Their areas of cross sections are A and 3 A and lengths are 3l and l respectively.
For wire 1,
From the equations (i) and (ii)