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Fertilisation and Implantation

Capacitation refers to changes in the


Capacitation refers to a series of functional changes that sperm undergo in the female reproductive tract before they are able to fertilise a secondary oocyte.

Capacitation causes a sperm cell’s tail to beat even more vigorously, and it prepares the sperm cell’s plasma membrane to fuse with the oocyte’s plasma membrane.

During capacitation, the glycoprotein coat and seminal plasma proteins covering the plasma membrane of sperm in the acrosomal region are removed.

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