For which of the following molecules(s) has /have significant μ0.

 

  1. A

    (iii) and (iv)

  2. B

    only (i)

  3. C

    (i) and (ii)

  4. D

    only (iii)

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    Solution:

    Assuming planar structure, hydroquinone has two conformations as shown in the following.

    The structure (I) is expected to have zero dipole moment whereas the structure (II) is expected to have a dipole moment. This conclusion may be derived based on the vector addition of components of dipole moment. The above facts are also applicable to 1, 4-benzenedithiol (structure iv).

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