NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous body under the Indian government that designs the curriculum for CBSE and select state board schools in India. This NCERT curriculum serves as a valuable reference for Class 10 students across various boards, aiding their exam preparations and contributing to successful academic outcomes.
The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science comprise vital information that aids students in comprehending intricate subjects and preparing for the Class 10 board exams. Engaging with textbook question solutions enhances topic understanding and allows assessment of strengths and areas for improvement. Crafted by our subject experts, these NCERT Solutions ensure an effective understanding of the entire CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science: All Chapters
- Chapter 1 – Equations and Chemical Reactions
- Chapter 2 – Acids, Bases, and Salt
- Chapter 3 – Non-Metals and Metals
- Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds
- Chapter 5 – Periodic Classification Of Elements
- Chapter 6 – Life Processes
- Chapter 7 – Control and Coordination
- Chapter 8 – How do Organisms Reproduce?
- Chapter 9 – Heredity and Evolution
- Chapter 10 – Light Reflection and Refraction
- Chapter 11 – The Human Eye and Colorful World
- Chapter 12 – Electricity
- Chapter 13 – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
- Chapter 14 – Sources of Energy
- Chapter 15 – Our Environment
- Chapter 16 – Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science: Detailed Analysis
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations
“Chemical Reactions and Equations” is a fundamental chapter in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science that delves into the intricate world of chemical transformations. This chapter serves as a gateway to comprehending the underlying processes that drive changes in matter, as well as the language used to describe them.
At its core, this chapter introduces students to chemical reactions – the intricate dance of atoms and molecules that give rise to new substances with distinct properties. It starts by elucidating the concept of chemical equations, which are symbolic representations of these reactions. These equations consist of reactants (the starting substances) and products (the resulting substances), demonstrating the balance between mass and atoms in reactions.
The chapter then dives into different types of chemical reactions, such as combination reactions where elements unite, decomposition reactions where compounds break down, displacement reactions where atoms trade places, and redox reactions involving electron transfers. As students progress, they learn how to balance these equations, ensuring the conservation of mass and atoms on both sides.
Furthermore, the chapter explores the concept of oxidation and reduction, critical processes underpinning various chemical reactions. Oxidation involves the loss of electrons, while reduction involves gaining electrons. The combination of these two processes referred to as redox reactions, drives many transformations in nature.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salt
The chapter “Acids, Bases, and Salts” in NCERT Class 10 Science delves into the fascinating world of chemical substances with distinct properties and roles in various everyday applications. This chapter serves as a fundamental introduction to the concepts of acidity, basicity, and the formation of salts, offering valuable insights into the science behind sour tastes, cleaning agents, and even the preservation of food.
Acids: Acids are substances that possess a sour taste and the ability to turn blue litmus paper red. The chapter explains that acids release hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water. Examples of common acids include hydrochloric acid (HCl), found in the stomach for digestion, and citric acid, present in citrus fruits.
Bases: Bases, often referred to as alkalies, exhibit a bitter taste and have the property of turning red litmus paper blue. Bases release hydroxide ions (OH-) in aqueous solutions. Common examples include sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and ammonia (NH3).
pH Scale: The concept of the pH scale is crucial in this chapter. It measures the acidity or basicity of a solution. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, where 7 is neutral (as in pure water), values below 7 are acidic, and values above 7 are basic. The lower the pH value, the stronger the acid, and the higher the pH value, the stronger the base.
Indicators: The chapter discusses indicators, which are substances that change color based on the pH of a solution. Examples of indicators include litmus paper, phenolphthalein, and methyl orange. These indicators help identify whether a substance is acidic, basic, or neutral.
Salts: Salts are formed through the reaction between an acid and a base. This process is called neutralization. The chapter explains how the hydrogen ions from acids combine with the hydroxide ions from bases to form water, while the remaining ions combine to form salts. For instance, the reaction between hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) produces sodium chloride (NaCl), commonly known as table salt.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salt at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3 Non-Metals and Metals
The chapter “Metals and Non-Metals” in NCERT Class 10 Science delves into the diverse properties, characteristics, and uses of metals and non-metals, shedding light on their integral roles in our everyday lives and industries.
Metals are essential components of our world, known for their lustrous appearance, high conductivity, malleability, and ductility. The chapter introduces various properties of metals and highlights their significance. For instance, metals like iron, copper, and aluminum are widely used in construction, electronics, and transportation due to their strength and conductivity. Precious metals like gold and silver are valued for their scarcity and corrosion resistance.
In contrast, non-metals exhibit distinct properties, often lacking the metallic luster and conductivity associated with metals. They encompass a diverse range, from gases like hydrogen and oxygen to solid non-metals like sulfur and phosphorus. Non-metals play essential roles in the environment and industry. For instance, oxygen is vital for respiration, while nitrogen is a major component of the Earth’s atmosphere. Non-metals like sulfur are used in the production of sulfuric acid, a crucial industrial chemical.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 3 Non-Metals and Metals at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds
“Carbon and Its Compounds” is a crucial chapter in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science that delves into the fascinating world of carbon, a versatile element forming the basis of organic chemistry. This chapter focuses on exploring the myriad compounds that carbon can form and the significance of these compounds in our daily lives.
Carbon, known as the “building block of life,” has a unique ability to bond with itself and other elements, resulting in an immense diversity of compounds. The chapter begins by introducing the concept of organic compounds and their distinction from inorganic compounds. It explains how carbon forms covalent bonds with other atoms, primarily hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur, to create a multitude of molecules with diverse properties.
The chapter elaborates on the various forms of carbon, including diamond, graphite, and fullerene, each with distinct atomic arrangements leading to unique physical properties. It also introduces the concept of allotropes, highlighting how different arrangements of the same element can result in contrasting properties.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5 Periodic Classification Of Elements
“Periodic Classification of Elements” is a significant chapter in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science that delves into the organization and arrangement of elements in the periodic table. This concept is pivotal in understanding the properties and relationships of different elements, forming the foundation of modern chemistry.
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of elements based on their atomic numbers and similar chemical properties. This chapter explores the history of the periodic table’s development, giving insights into how scientists such as Mendeleev and Modern Periodic Table have contributed to its evolution.
The chapter discusses the periodic law, which states that the physical and chemical properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers. This law forms the basis for understanding trends in properties like atomic size, valency, and metallic and non-metallic character across periods and groups.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 5 Periodic Classification Of Elements at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6 Life Processes
“Life Processes” is a significant chapter in NCERT Class 10 Science that delves into the fundamental activities that sustain living organisms. It sheds light on how living beings function and maintain themselves. The chapter presents a holistic view of various life processes essential for survival, growth, and reproduction.
Nutrition: The chapter starts by exploring nutrition, the process by which organisms obtain and utilize nutrients. It covers autotrophic nutrition (plants making their food through photosynthesis) and heterotrophic nutrition (animals consuming organic substances).
Respiration: Respiration, a vital process, is then examined. It elucidates how organisms obtain energy from nutrients through cellular respiration. It explains the exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) during respiration.
Transportation: Moving on, the chapter tackles transportation in organisms. It details the transport of water, minerals, nutrients, and waste products within plants and animals. This includes the concept of circulatory systems in complex organisms.
Excretion: Excretion, the elimination of waste products, is explored. It delves into how plants and animals remove waste materials to maintain internal equilibrium and prevent toxicity.
Control and Coordination: The chapter also covers control and coordination mechanisms in organisms. It explains the nervous system in animals and the role of hormones in maintaining homeostasis.
Reproduction: Reproduction, crucial for species continuation, is discussed. It distinguishes between sexual and asexual reproduction and highlights the significance of reproductive systems.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 6 Life Processes at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7 Control and Coordination
“Control and Coordination” is a pivotal chapter in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science that delves into the intricate mechanisms through which organisms regulate their various functions and respond to external stimuli. It explores the fascinating ways in which living organisms, including humans, maintain internal balance and adapt to changing environments.
The chapter starts by introducing the concept of “stimulus” – any change in the environment that triggers a response. It elaborates on the nervous system and the endocrine system, both of which play crucial roles in controlling and coordinating bodily functions.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 7 Control and Coordination at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 How do Organisms Reproduce?
“How do Organisms Reproduce?” is a crucial chapter in the Class 10 Science curriculum that delves into the fascinating world of reproduction in living organisms. Reproduction is a fundamental biological process that ensures the continuation of species and the perpetuation of life. This chapter aims to provide insights into the diverse methods of reproduction adopted by various organisms, from simple unicellular organisms to complex multicellular organisms.
The chapter begins by elucidating the significance of reproduction and its connection to evolution. It then delves into the two primary modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction involves the creation of offspring from a single parent without the involvement of gametes (sex cells). This process often results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent, promoting rapid population growth under favorable conditions. The chapter explains different forms of asexual reproduction, such as binary fission, budding, and spore formation, with examples from the plant and animal kingdoms.
Conversely, sexual reproduction involves the fusion of specialized male and female gametes, resulting in genetically diverse offspring. This genetic diversity enhances the adaptability and survival potential of a species in changing environments. The chapter explores the reproductive systems of plants and animals, discussing the formation and functions of reproductive organs, gamete production, and the fertilization process.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 8 How do Organisms Reproduce? at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution
“Heredity and Evolution” is a captivating chapter in NCERT Class 10 Science that delves into the fascinating journey of how life forms inherit traits and how species change over time. It unravels the interplay between genetics and the gradual transformation of species through the process of evolution.
Heredity refers to the passing on of traits from one generation to the next. Traits can be physical features, behaviors, or other characteristics that make each organism unique. The chapter begins by exploring Mendel’s laws of inheritance, which laid the foundation for our understanding of genetics. Mendel’s experiments with pea plants revealed how traits are inherited through genes, which are units of heredity located on chromosomes.
The concept of variation is crucial to heredity. Organisms of the same species exhibit variations due to the genetic differences inherited from their parents. This diversity is essential for the process of natural selection, a driving force of evolution. Natural selection, proposed by Charles Darwin, explains how organisms with advantageous traits survive and reproduce, passing on these traits to their offspring. Over time, these traits become more common in the population, leading to the adaptation of species to their environment.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction
The chapter “Light – Reflection and Refraction” in NCERT Class 10 Science delves into the fascinating behavior of light when it interacts with various surfaces, leading to phenomena like reflection and refraction. This exploration plays a pivotal role in understanding how we perceive the world around us.
Reflection: The chapter starts by discussing the reflection of light, which occurs when light rays bounce off a surface. You’ll learn about the laws of reflection – the incident ray, the reflected ray, and the normal all lie in the same plane, and the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection. Mirrors, whether plane or curved, are explored, explaining how they form virtual and erect images through reflection.
Spherical Mirrors: The chapter delves into concave and convex mirrors. Concave mirrors are thicker at the edges and can form both real and virtual images based on the object’s position. Convex mirrors, on the other hand, are thinner at the edges, always producing virtual, smaller images that appear farther away.
Refraction: The chapter then transitions to refraction – the bending of light when it passes from one medium to another. This bending is due to the change in the speed of light in different media. You’ll understand Snell’s law, which quantifies how much light bends, and the concept of the refractive index, a measure of how much a medium can bend light.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colorful World
“The Human Eye and the Colorful World” is a fascinating chapter in NCERT Class 10 Science that delves into the intricate workings of the human eye and the phenomenon of color perception. The chapter sheds light on how our eyes capture and interpret light, allowing us to perceive the vibrant world around us.
The chapter commences by introducing the structure of the human eye, detailing its various components like the cornea, iris, lens, retina, and optic nerve. It explains how light enters through the cornea and the pupil, gets refracted by the lens, and forms an inverted image on the retina. The optic nerve then transmits this image to the brain, where it’s decoded and perceived upright.
The concept of accommodation is elucidated, which pertains to the ability of the lens to adjust its shape to focus on objects at varying distances. This process enables us to view objects both nearby and at a distance clearly. The chapter also addresses common eye defects like myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness) and how corrective lenses can help alleviate these issues.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colorful World at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12 Electricity
“Electricity” is a crucial chapter within NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science, focusing on the fundamental principles of electrical circuits, currents, and their applications. The chapter delves into the intricate world of electrical phenomena, unraveling the mysteries behind the flow of electrons and the creation of electric circuits.
The chapter commences by introducing the concept of electric current, which refers to the flow of electric charge. It elucidates the distinction between conductors and insulators – substances that allow or restrict the flow of electric charge, respectively. The unit of electric current, the ampere (A), is explained along with the practical device used to measure it, the ammeter.
Furthermore, the chapter delves into the construction and functioning of an electric circuit. Students learn about components like switches, fuses, and resistors and how they influence the flow of current. The distinction between series and parallel circuits is elucidated, along with their respective advantages and applications.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 12 Electricity at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
“Magnetic Effects of Electric Current” is a crucial chapter in the field of physics, exploring the intricate relationship between electricity and magnetism. This chapter delves into the phenomenon through which an electric current generates a magnetic field and, in turn, how a magnetic field can induce an electric current.
The chapter begins by revisiting basic concepts related to magnets and magnetic fields. It introduces the concept of a solenoid, which is a coil of wire that carries electric current. The magnetic field generated by a solenoid is pivotal in understanding the behavior of magnetic effects.
One of the pivotal topics covered is “Electromagnetic Induction.” This principle establishes that a change in magnetic field intensity within a closed loop of wire induces an electromotive force (EMF) and subsequently an electric current. This phenomenon is at the core of many practical applications, including generators and transformers. The chapter explains Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction in detail, elaborating on how a change in magnetic flux through a circuit induces an EMF.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14 Sources of Energy
The chapter “Sources of Energy” in NCERT Class 10 Science delves into the diverse avenues from which our world derives energy to meet its myriad needs. Energy serves as the lifeblood of modern civilization, powering everything from industries to homes, and this chapter uncovers the various sources that contribute to this energy landscape.
The chapter introduces conventional sources, such as fossil fuels – coal, petroleum, and natural gas. These have been the backbone of energy generation due to their abundant availability. However, their use poses environmental challenges, including air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and resource depletion.
The chapter then shifts focus to non-conventional sources, which offer more sustainable alternatives. Renewable energy sources like solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, and tidal energy are discussed. Solar energy harnesses the sun’s rays through solar panels, wind energy capitalizes on air movement using wind turbines, hydroelectric energy is derived from flowing water, geothermal energy taps into Earth’s internal heat, and tidal energy exploits the gravitational pull of the moon on oceans.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 14 Sources of Energy at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15 Our Environment
The chapter “Our Environment” in NCERT Class 10 Science delves into the intricate relationship between living organisms and their surroundings. It highlights the importance of maintaining a harmonious balance between nature and human activities for the well-being of the planet and all its inhabitants.
The chapter begins by elucidating the concept of an ecosystem—a dynamic complex where living organisms interact with each other and their non-living surroundings. Ecosystem components such as biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors play crucial roles in shaping the environment. The intricate web of interactions among these factors sustains life on Earth.
The chapter then delves into ecological pyramids that illustrate energy flow and trophic levels within an ecosystem. It emphasizes the transfer of energy from producers (plants) to consumers (herbivores, carnivores, omnivores), underscoring the significance of maintaining a balanced food chain.
Furthermore, the chapter addresses ecological balance and the importance of biodiversity. Biodiversity encompasses the variety of life forms on Earth—plants, animals, microorganisms—and the intricate relationships they share. The loss of biodiversity can disrupt ecosystems, affecting their stability and sustainability.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 15 Our Environment at Infinity Learn
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
“Sustainable Management of Natural Resources” is a crucial chapter in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science, emphasizing the responsible utilization and preservation of Earth’s finite resources. It aims to instill an understanding of the delicate balance between human needs and environmental conservation.
The chapter underscores the significance of managing natural resources like water, forests, and wildlife in a manner that ensures their availability for future generations. It delves into the concept of sustainability, which involves utilizing resources in a way that meets present needs without compromising the needs of future generations.
One focal point of the chapter is water management. It discusses the unequal distribution of water, the importance of water conservation, and methods like rainwater harvesting to replenish groundwater levels. The chapter also highlights the critical role of forests in maintaining ecological balance. It elaborates on afforestation, reforestation, and the need to prevent deforestation to preserve biodiversity, regulate climate, and prevent soil erosion.
Also, access the following resources for Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources at Infinity Learn
Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
Certainly, here are the features of NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions:
- Comprehensive Coverage: NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions provides solutions for all the chapters and exercises in the NCERT Class 10 Science textbook, ensuring comprehensive coverage of the syllabus.
- Accurate and Detailed Answers: The solutions offer accurate and detailed answers to the questions, helping students understand the concepts thoroughly.
- Step-by-Step Explanation: Each solution is presented in a step-by-step manner, making it easier for students to follow and learn the problem-solving process.
- Syllabus Alignment: The solutions are designed in accordance with the CBSE syllabus, ensuring that students are studying topics relevant to their exams.
- Clear Illustrations and Diagrams: Complex concepts are often explained using clear illustrations, diagrams, and graphs, making abstract ideas more understandable.
- Variety of Question Types: Solutions cover a variety of question types, including multiple-choice, short-answer, and long-answer questions, helping students prepare for different exam formats.
- Language Clarity: The solutions are written in clear and concise language, making them accessible to students of varying learning levels.
- Practice Questions: Additional practice questions are often provided at the end of each chapter, allowing students to reinforce their understanding and practice problem-solving.
- Exam-Oriented: The solutions are oriented towards exam preparation, focusing on the types of questions that commonly appear in board exams.
- Supplementary Notes: Some solutions may include additional notes, explanations, and tips to enhance students’ understanding of the concepts.
- Cross-References: Solutions might include cross-references to related topics within the textbook, helping students connect concepts and build a cohesive understanding.
- Online Availability: Many platforms offer NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions online, making them easily accessible to students at any time.
- Interactive Elements: Some solutions may incorporate interactive elements such as animations or simulations to illustrate certain concepts more effectively.
- Chapter Summary: Solutions often include concise summaries of each chapter, allowing students to quickly review the main points.
- Review of Important Concepts: Key concepts and formulas are highlighted and reviewed in the solutions, aiding students in revision.
In summary, NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions are comprehensive resources that provide accurate answers, detailed explanations, and various features designed to facilitate effective learning and exam preparation.
Sample Video for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
Can Relying on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science PDFs Help You Succeed in Board Exams?
The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science cover all the practice questions from the textbook. These solutions are designed to clear up any doubts and explain important concepts that you need to know for exams. While the textbook problems are explained, you can also use extra study materials for shortcuts and strategies to solve tricky questions more easily. Using these materials helps you understand the important topics for the exam.
Which Chapters Are Important in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science?
Out of the 16 chapters in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science, each one is equally important. Skipping any chapter could hurt your scores in the board exams. If you're unsure about anything, you can ask your teachers or use online resources that are often free. The solutions from Infinity Learn are a great way to master chapters following the CBSE exam pattern
Where Can I Find NCERT Solutions for Science Class 10 for Exam Prep?
You'll be glad to know that all the NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science chapters are available on Infinity Learn's official website. All you need to do is create an account with a username and password. This gives you access to solved questions and solutions for each chapter in the textbook. Our solutions give clear explanations for each topic, prepared by experts and teachers. This can help you improve your scores by understanding these answers and practicing the numerical solutions.
Why Should I Choose NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science?
When you use NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science, preparing for the exam becomes easier. For CBSE exams, the NCERT textbooks are super important. You need to read them carefully from start to finish. If you want good scores in your Class 10 Science exam, you need to solve every question from every exercise. Infinity Learn’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science can help you with that. They're available on Infinity Learn's official website and mobile app for free.
What Chapters Are Included in Infinity Learn’s NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science?
Infinity Learn’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science cover all the chapters in the NCERT textbooks. Here's the full list: Chemical Reactions and Equations Acids, Bases and Salts Metals and Non-metals Carbon and its Compounds Periodic Classification of Elements Life Processes Control and Coordination How do Organisms Reproduce? Heredity and Evolution Light - Reflection and Refraction The Human Eye and the Colorful World Electricity Magnetic Effects of Electric Current Sources of Energy Our Environment Sustainable Management of Natural Resources