BlogNCERTCBSE Class 10 Syllabus List, Weightage and 3 Months Preparation Tips

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus List, Weightage and 3 Months Preparation Tips

Are you a CBSE Class 10 student gearing up for your upcoming board exams? Do you find yourself overwhelmed by the extensive syllabus and unsure of where to begin your preparations? Fret not! In this comprehensive guide, we will not only provide you with the CBSE Class 10 syllabus list but also offer valuable tips on how to effectively prepare for your exams in just three months.

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    Understanding the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10

    Before diving into your preparation journey, it’s crucial to have a clear understanding of the CBSE syllabus for Class 10. The syllabus is your roadmap, guiding you through the subjects you need to cover. Here’s an overview of the key subjects:

    CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Maths 2023-24

    The CBSE Class 10 exam is a big deal for students. The math in Class 10 is made to help with this important test. In this grade, you’ll learn about trigonometry (which is about triangles and angles) and quadratic equations (a type of math equation). You’ll also build on things you learned in earlier grades, like real numbers (regular numbers), polynomials (math expressions), statistics (data and numbers), probability (chances), and more about triangles and shapes’ sizes. You can use NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths to help you understand and solve math problems better.

    • Real Numbers
    • Polynomials
    • Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
    • Quadratic Equations
    • Arithmetic Progressions
    • Triangles
    • Coordinate Geometry
    • Introduction to Trigonometry
    • Some Applications of Trigonometry
    • Circles
    • Constructions
    • Areas Related to Circles
    • Surface Areas and Volumes
    • Statistics
    • Probability

    CBSE Class 10 Marking Scheme and Weightage 2023-24: Mathematics

    Unit Unit Name Marks
    Unit 1 Number Systems 6 Marks
    1. Real Numbers 6 Marks
    Unit 2 Algebra 20 Marks
    1. Polynomials 4 Marks
    2. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables 3 Marks
    3. Quadratic Equations 9 Marks
    4. Arithmetic Progressions 4 Marks
    Unit 3 Coordinate Geometry 6 Marks
    1. Coordinate Geometry 6 Marks
    Unit 4 Geometry 15 Marks
    1. Triangles 9 Marks
    2. Circles 6 Marks
    Unit 5 Trigonometry 12 Marks
    1. Introduction to Trigonometry 4 Marks
    2. Trigonometric Identities 4 Marks
    3. Heights and Distances 4 Marks
    Unit 6 Mensuration 10 Marks
    1. Areas Related to Circles 4 Marks
    2. Surface Areas and Volumes 6 Marks
    Unit 7 Statistics and Probability 11 Marks
    1. Statistics 7 Marks
    2. Probability 4 Marks
    Total 80 Marks

    CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science 2023-24

    Science is a really important subject for kids because it helps them think, be creative, and learn about the world. In Class 10, CBSE divides the Science syllabus into two parts: Term 1 and Term 2. Knowing this subject well can also help students do well in competitive exams. If you’re getting ready for the Class 10 board exam, you should know what you’ll be studying. Understanding the syllabus will make it easier to learn. It also tells you how you’ll be graded and how much time you have for each part. It shows how many marks each topic is worth, so you can focus on what’s most important. You can use NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science to help you understand and solve science problems better.

    • Chemical Reactions and Equations
    • Acids, Bases, and Salts
    • Metals and Non-Metals
    • Carbon and its Compounds
    • Periodic Classification of Elements
    • Life Processes
    • Control and Coordination
    • How do Organisms Reproduce?
    • Heredity and Evolution
    • Light – Reflection and Refraction
    • The Human Eye and the Colourful World
    • Electricity
    • Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
    • Sources of Energy
    • Our Environment
    • Management of Natural Resources

    CBSE Class 10 Marking Scheme and Weightage 2023-24: Science

    Units Unit Name Marks
    1 Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour: Chemical Reactions, Acids, Bases, and Salts, Metals, and Nonmetals, Carbon Compounds 25
    2 World of Living: Life Processes, Control and Co-ordination in Animals and Plants, Reproduction, Heredity, and Evolution 25
    3 Natural Phenomena: Reflection of light by a curved surface, Refraction of light by a spherical lens, Working of a lens in the human eye, Refraction of light through a prism, etc. 12
    4 Effects of Current: Electric Current, Potential Difference and Electric Current, Ohm’s Law, Magnetic Effect of Current 13
    5 Natural Resources: Our Environment 5
    Total 80
    Internal assessment 20
    Total 100

    CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science

    “The CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) has shared the syllabus for Class 10 Social Science for the year 2023-24. It’s important to know what’s in the Class 10 syllabus before you start studying. The NCERT Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science gives you a detailed view of what you’ll be learning. It covers things like the topics you’ll study, how the course is set up, what’s in the subject-wise syllabus, the kinds of questions you’ll face, any projects you’ll do, and common questions people have about Class 10 Social Science. You can check this page to see the latest CBSE Social Science syllabus for Class 10. If you need help with Social Science, you can also use NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science to make your studies easier.”

    • History:
      • The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
      • The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
      • Nationalism in India
      • The Making of a Global World
      • The Age of Industrialization
      • Work, Life, and Leisure
      • Print Culture and the Modern World
      • Novels, Society, and History
    • Geography:
      • Resources and Development
      • Forest and Wildlife Resources
      • Water Resources
      • Agriculture
      • Minerals and Energy Resources
      • Manufacturing Industries
      • Lifelines of National Economy
    • Political Science:
      • Power Sharing
      • Federalism
      • Democracy and Diversity
      • Gender, Religion, and Caste
      • Popular Struggles and Movements
      • Political Parties
      • Outcomes of Democracy
      • Challenges to Democracy
    • Economics:
      • Development
      • Sectors of the Indian Economy
      • Money and Credit
      • Globalization and the Indian Economy
      • Consumer Rights

    CBSE Class 10 Marking Scheme and Weightage 2023-24: Social Science

    Units Unit Name Marks
    1 India and the Contemporary World – II 20
    2 Contemporary India – II 20
    3 Democratic Politics – II 20
    4 Understanding Economic Development 20
    Total 80

    CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 English

    The CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) has released the new English syllabus for Class 10 for the year 2023-24. This syllabus is for both the Language and literature parts of English. Knowing this syllabus will help students get ready for the board exams at the end of the school year. English is an important subject and can help improve your overall grades. The CBSE Class 10 English syllabus for 2023-24 has two parts: Communicative English and Language & Literature. Students should read through the entire syllabus to understand what chapters and topics they need to study this year. If you need help with English, you can use NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English to make your studies easier.




    Question based on the following kinds of unseen passages:

    1. Discursive passage of 400-450 words.

    2. Case-based passage (with visual input- statistical data, chart etc.) of 200-250 words.

    3. (Total length of two passages to be 600-700 word

    Multiple Choice Questions / Objective Type Questions will be asked to assess inference, analysis, interpretation, evaluation and vocabulary.


    1. Formal Letter based on a given situation in 100-120 words. One out of two questions is to be answered.

    2. Writing an Analytical Paragraph (100-120 words) on a given Map / Chart / Graph / Cue/s. One out of two questions is to be answered.


    1. Tenses

    2. Modals

    3. Subject-verb concord

    4. Reported speech

    • Commands and requests

    • Statements

    • Questions

    • Determiners


    First Flight


    1. A letter to God

    2. Nelson Mandela – Long Walk to Freedom

    3. Two Stories About Flying

    4. From the Diary of Anne Frank

    5. Glimpses of India

    6. Mijbil the Otter

    7. Madam Rides the Bus

    8. The Sermon at Benares

    9. The Proposal (Play)


    1. Dust of Snow

    2. Fire and Ice

    3. A tiger in the Zoo

    4. How to Tell Wild Animals

    5. The Ball Poem

    6. Amanda!

    7. The Trees

    8. Fog

    9. The Tale of Custard the Dragon

    10. For Anne Gregory

    Footprints Without Feet

    1. A triumph of Surgery

    2. The Thief’s Story

    3. The Midnight Visitor

    4. A Question of Trust

    5. Footprints Without Feet

    6. The making of a Scientist

    7. The necklace

    8. Bholi

    9. The Book That Saved the Earth

    CBSE Class 10 Marking Scheme and Weightage 2023-24: English


    Section Name

    Marks Weightage


    Reading Skills



    Writing Skills with Grammar



    Language and Literature


    Three Months Preparation Tips

    Month 1: Understanding the Basics

    1. Start with the subjects you find most challenging: In the first month, focus on subjects that you find most difficult. It’s essential to tackle these early on when your energy and enthusiasm are high.
    2. Create a study schedule and stick to it: Develop a daily or weekly study plan that outlines when and what you will study. Sticking to a schedule helps you stay organized and ensures that you cover all necessary topics.
    3. Focus on building a strong foundation in each subject: Begin by understanding the fundamental concepts of each subject. This foundation will serve as the basis for more advanced topics.
    4. Use NCERT solutions to clarify doubts: Whenever you encounter doubts or difficulties in your studies, refer to NCERT solutions. These solutions provide clear explanations and solutions to textbook problems.
    5. Solve previous years’ question papers: Practicing with past exam papers can help you become familiar with the exam format and the types of questions asked. It also allows you to identify areas where you may need more practice.

    Month 2: In-Depth Study

    1. Dive deeper into each subject: In the second month, delve into each subject’s topics more deeply. This involves studying advanced concepts and exploring topics in greater detail.
    2. Practice problem-solving and numerical questions: For subjects like Maths and Science, it’s crucial to practice solving problems and numerical questions regularly. This enhances your problem-solving skills.
    3. Revise important formulas and concepts regularly: Review and revise formulas, key concepts, and definitions regularly to ensure they are firmly ingrained in your memory.
    4. Take mock tests to assess your progress: Mock tests simulate exam conditions and help you assess your level of preparation. They also reveal areas where you may need more practice or improvement.

    Month 3: Revision and Mock Tests

    1. Revise all subjects thoroughly: In the final month, dedicate time to revising all subjects. This is not the time to learn new topics but to reinforce what you’ve already studied.
    2. Solve sample papers and mock tests: Continue solving sample papers and taking mock tests. This not only helps with revision but also improves your time management skills.
    3. Time yourself to improve speed and accuracy: During mock tests, time yourself to complete each section within the allocated time. This practice enhances your speed and accuracy during the actual exam.
    4. Seek help from teachers or tutors for any doubts: If you have any lingering doubts or questions, don’t hesitate to seek assistance from your teachers, tutors, or peers. Clarifying doubts is crucial for a clear understanding.
    5. Stay calm and confident during the final days: As the exams approach, it’s natural to feel some stress. However, maintaining a calm and confident mindset is essential. Trust in your preparation and avoid last-minute cramming, as it can lead to confusion.

    By following these month-wise preparation tips, you can effectively prepare for your CBSE Class 10 exams, covering all subjects thoroughly and increasing your chances of success.

    CBSE Class 10 Syllabus FAQs

    Will I pass if I fail in one subject in Class 10 CBSE?

    In CBSE Class 10, you need to pass in all the main subjects to pass overall. If you fail in one subject, you'll have to take a retest called a Compartment Exam to pass in that subject and get your Class 10 certificate.

    Is CBSE board checking strict for Class 10?

    CBSE follows a standard checking process, so it's fair. However, it's essential to study well and answer accurately to get good marks.

    How many months does it take to complete Class 10 syllabus?

    Typically, it takes around 10-12 months to complete the Class 10 syllabus in school. However, the time can vary depending on your pace of learning and school's schedule.

    Can we complete 10th syllabus in 3 months?

    Completing the entire Class 10 syllabus in just 3 months can be challenging. It's better to follow the regular academic schedule for better understanding.

    Is it OK to fail in 10th?

    Failing in Class 10 isn't ideal, but it's not the end. You can reappear for the failed subjects or pursue alternative educational paths to achieve your goals.

    Will CBSE pass everyone in 2023?

    CBSE doesn't pass everyone by default. You must meet the passing criteria and perform well in exams to pass.

    How many students get 95 percent in 10th board exam?

    The percentage of students getting 95 percent varies each year. It depends on students' performance and the difficulty of the exams.

    Does CBSE give grace marks?

    CBSE may give grace marks in exceptional cases to help students who are close to passing but haven't quite made it.

    Is 79 percent good in class 10?

    A 79 percent in Class 10 is a good score. It reflects a strong effort, and it's essential to be proud of your achievements. Your future success depends on many factors, not just this one score.

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