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**Introduction**

The dot product, also known as the **scalar product**, is an algebraic operation that returns a single integer from two equal-length sequences of numbers (typically coordinate vectors). The dot product of the Cartesian coordinates of two vectors is commonly used in **Euclidean geometry**.

**A brief outline**

Even if it is not only one inner product that may be defined in Euclidean space, it is often referred to as “the” inner product (or, more rarely, projection product). The sum of the products of the matching entries of the two sequences of numbers is the dot product.

**Important concepts**

Dot products can be defined in two different ways: algebraically and geometrically. The dot product is defined algebraically as the sum of the products of the corresponding elements of the two number sequences. It is the product of the Euclidean magnitudes of two vectors and the cosine of the angle among them in geometric terms. When operating with Cartesian coordinates, both definitions are identical. The dot product of two vectors, on the other hand, is the product of their magnitudes and the cos of the angle between them. **Vectors** are multiplied in two ways, as you may recall.

- Vector scalar product or dot product
- the
**cross product of vectors**

It is possible to multiply a vector by some other vector, but do not split it. In engineering and physics, there are two types of vector products that are commonly employed. One sort of multiplying is scalar multiplication, which involves multiplying two vectors. The scalar mixture of two vectors produces a number, as the term suggests (a scalar). Scalar products are used to define the link between energy and work.

**Significance of vector dot product in IIT JEE exam**

The vector dot and cross product, as well as associated equations, are covered in the complex vector chapter, which accounts for about 5% of the total 120 marks on the JEE test. Three to four questions, totalling 12 points, will be asked on this topic.

For more information, visit: **Dot Product of Two Vectors | Properties and Examples**

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**FAQs**

##### What is a two-vector method's cross-product?

The cross product is the technique of multiplying two vectors. The multiplication sign(x) of two vectors is defined as a cross-product. It's a binary vector function on a three-dimensional system. The third vector that is perpendicular to the two initial vectors is the cross-product of two vectors.

##### What exactly is the purpose of the dot product?

The dot product notion states that a scalar quantity can be obtained by multiplying two distinct vectors together. It is used to obtain the item. It returns the sum of the products of two or more vectors in two or even more dimensions.

##### As a matrix, how do you describe the scalar product of two vectors?

Rather than representing vectors as unit vectors, it is sometimes more helpful and easy to represent them as row or column matrices.

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