HomeFull FormEWS Full Form – Economically Weaker Section

EWS Full Form – Economically Weaker Section

EWS Full Form: In a world where equal opportunities should be accessible to everyone, economic status should never be a barrier to progress. That’s where the concept of “Economically Weaker Sections” (EWS) comes into play. It’s a term you may have heard, but what does it really mean, and why does it matter? In this blog, we delve into the significance and impact of the EWS category, shedding light on how it levels the playing field for those who need it most. Join us as we explore the transformative power of inclusion and opportunity.

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    What is EWS?

    Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) is a term used in India to identify and provide assistance to individuals or families who belong to the economically disadvantaged segment of society. The EWS category was introduced to ensure that those with limited financial resources have access to opportunities and benefits such as education, employment, and housing. Government policies and initiatives often include reservations and special provisions to uplift the EWS by offering them opportunities for economic betterment and social inclusion. This category is an important part of India’s ongoing efforts to promote social equity and reduce economic disparities.

    History of EWS

    Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) have been a part of Indian society since ancient times. The Indian Constitution was amended to include a quota for EWS in the year 1993. This amendment was made with the sole purpose of providing a level playing field for the disadvantaged sections of the population.

    In India, the concept of economically weaker sections was introduced in the late 19th century by the British colonial administration. The British wanted to create a separate class of citizens who were disadvantaged due to their poverty. It was a way to classify and identify people who were economically disadvantaged and unable to access the same benefits and opportunities as those with more wealth and privilege. This system was based on the notion of a fixed income, where people were classified according to their ability to earn a certain amount of money. This idea was further strengthened in the post-independence era, when the government started providing reservations in government jobs and educational institutions for EWS.

    The first step taken by the Indian government to provide reservation to EWS was the reservation of seats in educational institutions. This was done in order to ensure that people from the economically weaker sections of society had access to quality education. This was followed by the reservation of jobs in the government as well as in private sector.

    In the 1970s and 1980s, the government implemented a series of policies designed to provide support and assistance to EWS communities, including reservation policies that reserved a certain percentage of government jobs and educational opportunities for marginalized groups. The government also launched poverty alleviation programs such as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), which aimed to provide employment to rural households.

    In the 1990s, India experienced significant economic growth, but this growth was largely concentrated in urban areas and benefited only a small proportion of the population. Many EWS communities continued to struggle with poverty, unemployment, and lack of access to basic services such as healthcare and education.

    The Indian government has introduced a number of policies and schemes to help address the issue, such as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which provides employment guarantees for rural workers. There have also been efforts to improve the quality of education for economically weaker sections, as well as to provide access to better healthcare, sanitation, and other basic amenities.

    The idea of EWS has been further strengthened in recent years with the introduction of various schemes such as the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, and the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. These schemes are designed to provide better access to basic amenities such as housing, sanitation, health, and education to the people from the economically weaker sections of society.

    EWS Full Form

    What is EWS Full Form? EWS stands for Economically Weaker Sections. It refers to individuals or households whose annual family income falls below ₹8 lakh (US$10,000), and who do not belong to any categories such as SC/ST/OBC (or MBC in Tamil Nadu). This income level is determined in terms of the prevailing prices of essential commodities, such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. This income limit was set in the year 2019. Individuals who meet the economic criteria for EWS and do not fall into any of the aforementioned categories are eligible to be considered part of the EWS category.

    The EWS category was created by the Government of India in order to provide special reservation and benefits to the people in this category. The benefits provided include reservation in educational institutions, government jobs, housing, and other social welfare schemes. The EWS category was created in order to ensure that people from economically weaker sections get the same opportunities as those from more affluent backgrounds.

    Eligibility Criteria to Get an EWS Certificate

    The eligibility criteria to obtain an EWS (Economically Weaker Sections) certificate may vary from one region or country to another, as it depends on the specific policies and guidelines set by the local government or authorities. In India, for example, the eligibility criteria for obtaining an EWS certificate are generally as follows:

    1. Income Limit: The primary eligibility criterion is based on the annual family income of the applicant. Typically, individuals or families with an annual income below a specified threshold are considered eligible. The income limit may vary by state or union territory, so it’s essential to check with the local authorities for the current threshold in your area.
    2. Social Category: The applicant must belong to the General category or a category that is not covered under the reserved categories (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, or Other Backward Classes). EWS certificates are designed to provide benefits to individuals or families outside of these categories.
    3. Residence: Applicants usually need to be residents of the state or union territory for which they are seeking the EWS certificate. Proof of residence, such as a valid address proof, may be required.
    4. Documents: Applicants may be required to submit various documents, including income proof, residence proof, identification proof, and other relevant documents as per local regulations. These documents help authorities verify the applicant’s eligibility.
    5. Application Process: Applicants typically need to apply for the EWS certificate through the designated government department or authority responsible for issuing such certificates. The application process may involve filling out a specific form and submitting the required documents.
    6. Verification: After receiving the application, the authorities may conduct a thorough verification process to confirm the applicant’s eligibility based on income, residence, and other criteria.
    7. Validity: EWS certificates have a specified validity period, which may vary by region. It is essential to renew the certificate when it expires, typically by providing updated income and residence information.

    It’s crucial to note that eligibility criteria for EWS certificates can change over time and may vary by location. Therefore, individuals interested in obtaining an EWS certificate should check with their local government or relevant authorities to understand the specific eligibility criteria and application process applicable to their region.

    Documents Required To Get An EWS Certificate

    The specific documents required to obtain an EWS (Economically Weaker Sections) certificate may vary depending on the regulations and guidelines established by the respective state or union territory government in India. However, here is a general list of documents that are commonly requested when applying for an EWS certificate:

    1. Income Certificate: This is often the most crucial document required to establish eligibility for the EWS category. The income certificate should provide details of the annual family income and be issued by a competent authority.
    2. Residence Proof: Proof of residence, such as a valid residential address, may be required to establish that the applicant or family resides within the jurisdiction of the issuing authority.
    3. Identification Proof: Government-issued identification documents, such as Aadhaar card, voter ID card, passport, or any other valid ID, may be needed to verify the identity of the applicant and their family members.
    4. Caste Certificate: In some cases, you may need to provide a caste certificate confirming that you do not belong to any of the reserved categories (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, or Other Backward Classes).
    5. Photographs: Passport-sized photographs of the applicant and, in some cases, family members may be required for documentation.
    6. Affidavit: An affidavit stating the family’s income and economic status, duly signed by the applicant or the head of the family, may be necessary.
    7. Declaration Form: Some authorities may require a self-declaration form, where the applicant affirms their eligibility for the EWS category.
    8. Application Form: You will typically need to fill out an application form provided by the issuing authority. Ensure that you complete the form accurately and provide all necessary details.
    9. Other Supporting Documents: Depending on the local regulations, there may be additional documents required to support your application. It is advisable to check with the local authority or the government department responsible for issuing EWS certificates for any specific requirements.
    10. Proof of Family Members: Documents such as a family ration card or birth certificates of family members may be required to establish the composition of the applicant’s family.

    Please note that the specific documents and requirements can vary by state or union territory, and they may be subject to change over time. Therefore, it is essential to contact the local authority or government department responsible for issuing EWS certificates in your area to obtain the most up-to-date and accurate information on the required documents and the application process.

    Significance of EWS Category

    The “Economically Weaker Sections” (EWS) category is a significant and socially inclusive initiative aimed at addressing economic disparities and promoting equal opportunities in various aspects of society. Here’s an overview of the significance of the EWS category:

    1. Social Inclusion: The EWS category seeks to include individuals and families from economically disadvantaged backgrounds in the process of reservation and affirmative action. It recognizes that economic backwardness can also be a barrier to access and opportunities.
    2. Equal Access to Education: One of the primary areas where the EWS category has a significant impact is in education. Under this category, economically weaker students have access to reserved seats and financial assistance for educational purposes, ensuring that they can pursue higher education and vocational courses.
    3. Government Jobs: The EWS category provides reservation in government jobs and public sector undertakings, increasing the representation of economically weaker individuals in these sectors. This helps create a more diverse and inclusive workforce.
    4. Access to Public Services: Economically weaker sections can benefit from various government welfare schemes and public services designed to uplift their socio-economic status. This includes access to healthcare services, housing schemes, and more.
    5. Economic Empowerment: By offering reservations and support in employment, education, and access to resources, the EWS category aims to economically empower disadvantaged individuals and families. This empowerment can break the cycle of poverty and contribute to their overall well-being.
    6. Promotion of Merit: The EWS category does not compromise on merit. Individuals from the EWS category must meet certain eligibility criteria to avail of the benefits. This ensures that deserving candidates from economically weaker backgrounds receive opportunities without compromising the quality and competitiveness of the selection process.
    7. Reducing Income Inequality: By addressing economic disparities and providing opportunities for economically weaker sections, the EWS category plays a role in reducing income inequality within society. It promotes a more balanced distribution of resources and opportunities.
    8. Social Cohesion: The inclusion of economically weaker sections in various aspects of society fosters social cohesion and a sense of belonging. It promotes a society where everyone has a fair chance to succeed, regardless of their economic background.
    9. Legal Framework: The establishment of the EWS category is backed by legal frameworks and policies that ensure its implementation and enforcement. This legal framework helps protect the rights and opportunities of economically disadvantaged individuals.

    Benefits of EWS Certificate in Education

    Obtaining an Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) certificate can offer several significant benefits in the field of education. This certificate is designed to provide opportunities and support to economically disadvantaged students and families. Here are some key benefits of having an EWS certificate in education:

    1. Reservation in Educational Institutions: One of the primary benefits of an EWS certificate is reservation in educational institutions, both at the school and college levels. A percentage of seats in government and private educational institutions are reserved for EWS category students, ensuring access to quality education.
    2. Financial Assistance: EWS students may be eligible for various forms of financial assistance, such as scholarships, fee waivers, and grants. This financial support can help cover tuition fees, textbooks, uniforms, and other educational expenses.
    3. Equal Opportunity: EWS certificates promote equal educational opportunities, ensuring that economically weaker students have the same chances of accessing quality education as their financially better-off peers.
    4. Inclusive Education: The EWS category promotes inclusive education by integrating students from diverse economic backgrounds into the mainstream educational system. This helps create a more diverse and enriched learning environment.
    5. Reduction of Educational Disparities: By providing reservations and financial support, the EWS category aims to reduce educational disparities and bridge the gap between economically privileged and disadvantaged students.
    6. Empowerment: EWS certificates empower economically weaker students and their families to aspire for higher education and better career prospects. It breaks the cycle of poverty by providing access to quality education.
    7. Enhanced Career Opportunities: A strong educational foundation obtained with the help of an EWS certificate can lead to enhanced career opportunities, better employment prospects, and increased earning potential in the future.
    8. Social Mobility: Education is a powerful tool for social mobility. EWS certificates enable students to improve their socio-economic status, providing a pathway to a brighter future.
    9. Personal Growth: Quality education nurtures personal growth and development. EWS students can develop essential skills, knowledge, and confidence to succeed in various aspects of life.
    10. Access to Government Schemes: Having an EWS certificate may make students and their families eligible for other government schemes and initiatives aimed at supporting economically disadvantaged individuals and communities.
    11. Awareness and Inclusivity: The existence of the EWS category promotes awareness of economic disparities and encourages inclusivity in educational institutions, fostering a sense of social responsibility.

    Benefits of EWS Certificate in Jobs

    Obtaining an Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) certificate can offer several significant benefits in the context of employment and job opportunities. This certificate is designed to provide advantages to economically disadvantaged individuals and families. Here are some key benefits of having an EWS certificate in jobs:

    1. Reservation in Government Jobs: EWS category candidates may benefit from reservations in government jobs, where a certain percentage of positions are allocated exclusively for EWS candidates. This ensures equal access to government employment opportunities.
    2. Private Sector Employment: While not mandatory, some private sector organizations may voluntarily implement EWS reservations or preferential hiring policies, increasing employment prospects for EWS certificate holders.
    3. Competitive Examinations: EWS candidates often receive concessions, such as lower qualifying marks or extended age limits, when appearing for competitive examinations, making it easier to qualify for various job opportunities.
    4. Financial Support: EWS certificate holders may be eligible for financial incentives, grants, or subsidies when pursuing skill development programs, vocational training, or entrepreneurship initiatives, facilitating their entry into the job market.
    5. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Some companies engage in CSR activities that include hiring individuals from marginalized backgrounds, which can create additional job opportunities for EWS candidates.
    6. Professional Development: EWS certificate holders may have access to training and development programs aimed at enhancing their employability and career growth.
    7. Inclusive Workplaces: EWS certificates promote diversity and inclusion in the workplace, fostering a sense of social responsibility among employers and coworkers.
    8. Empowerment: Securing a job through EWS benefits empowers individuals and their families economically, providing a path to financial stability.
    9. Social Mobility: Employment opportunities through EWS reservations can contribute to upward social mobility, improving the socio-economic status of individuals and their communities.
    10. Skill Enhancement: EWS candidates may receive support for skill development and vocational training, equipping them with valuable skills for various job roles.
    11. Reduced Income Disparities: EWS reservations help reduce income disparities by providing access to stable and well-paying jobs.
    12. Government Support: EWS certificate holders may become eligible for other government welfare schemes and support programs designed to improve their overall well-being.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, the EWS has been successful in providing a level playing field for the economically weaker sections of the population. Those who were classified as “economically weaker sections” were provided with various benefits and privileges, such as access to government subsidies and welfare schemes. Over the years, the government has continued to expand the range of benefits and privileges for this section of society. This includes access to education, health care, and other social services. However, there are still many challenges that the government needs to address in order to ensure that the benefits are actually reaching the people from the EWS. The government needs to ensure that the schemes are properly implemented, and that the benefits are actually reaching the people from the economically weaker sections of society.

    FAQs on Economically Weaker Section (EWS)

    What is full form of EWS?

    The full form of EWS is Economically Weaker Sections.

    What is EWS certificate?

    An EWS certificate is a document issued by the government to individuals or households that meet the economic criteria for the Economically Weaker Sections category, providing them with access to various government schemes and benefits.

    Who belong to EWS category?

    Individuals or households in India whose annual family income falls below ₹8 lakh (US$10,000) and who do not belong to any socially disadvantaged categories such as SC/ST/OBC (or MBC in Tamil Nadu) are considered part of the EWS category.

    Who are eligible for EWS reservation?

    Individuals or households belonging to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category in India are eligible for reservation benefits if they meet the eligibility criteria established by the government for a particular scheme or program.

    What are EWS category benefits?

    The benefits of belonging to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category in India include access to reservation policies, scholarships, and other welfare schemes implemented by the government aimed at promoting economic and social upliftment of this category.

    What does EWS mean?

    EWS is an acronym that stands for Economically Weaker Sections, a category of people in India who are economically disadvantaged and face significant barriers to accessing basic resources and opportunities.

    Who is eligible for EWS certificate?

    Individuals or households in India whose annual family income falls below ₹8 lakh (US$10,000) and who do not belong to any socially disadvantaged categories such as SC/ST/OBC (or MBC in Tamil Nadu) are eligible to apply for an EWS certificate.

    How is EWS calculated?

    The annual family income of an individual or household in India is calculated to determine whether they qualify for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category by taking into account the income earned by all family members from various sources, including salaries, wages, and business or agricultural income.

    How to apply for EWS certificate?

    To apply for an EWS certificate in India, an individual or household must submit an application along with the necessary documents and fees to the designated authority in their respective state or union territory. The specific requirements and application process may vary depending on the state or union territory.

    Who is eligible for EWS Certificate for UPSC?

    As per the eligibility criteria established by the Government of India, candidates belonging to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category and meeting the required income and asset criteria are eligible for the EWS Certificate for UPSC examinations.

    What is EWS quota reservation?

    The EWS quota reservation is a reservation policy implemented in India that provides a percentage of reserved seats for individuals belonging to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category in various educational institutions and government jobs.

    Is there any EWS reservation in UPSC?

    Yes, there is a 10% reservation for candidates belonging to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category in UPSC examinations as per the government's EWS quota reservation policy implemented in 2019.

    What is the latest EWS income limit?

    The latest income limit for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category in India is an annual family income of less than ₹8 lakh (US$10,000), as established by the government in 2019.

    Is EWS valid all over India?

    Yes, the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category is recognized and valid all over India.

    How many people in India are EWS?

    As of 2021, it is estimated that approximately 20% of India's population, or around 350 million people, belong to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category.

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