HomeFull FormMBBS Full Form – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

MBBS Full Form – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

MBBS Full Form: MBBS, which stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, is one of the most sought-after degrees in India and around the world. If you’re considering a career in medicine, understanding what MBBS entails, the eligibility criteria and the significance of exams like NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is crucial. In this blog, we’ll break down the key aspects of MBBS, and NEET, and provide a list of some of the top medical schools in India.

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    What is MBBS?

    MBBS stands for “Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.” It is an undergraduate professional degree awarded to individuals who have completed the necessary education and training required to become medical practitioners or surgeons. MBBS programs are typically offered by medical colleges and universities in many countries, including India.

    Here are some key points about MBBS:

    1. Full-Form: The abbreviation MBBS represents the dual nature of the degree. “MB” stands for “Medicinae Baccalaureus,” which translates to “Bachelor of Medicine,” and “BS” stands for “Baccalaureus Chirurgiae,” which translates to “Bachelor of Surgery.”
    2. Duration: The duration of an MBBS program varies from country to country. In India, it typically spans five and a half years, including a one-year internship. The program combines theoretical and practical training in medicine and surgery.
    3. Curriculum: The MBBS curriculum covers a wide range of subjects related to medical science, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, surgery, medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, and more. Students also receive clinical training in hospitals to develop practical skills.
    4. Internship: After completing the academic portion of the MBBS program, students are required to undergo a one-year internship in a hospital. During this internship, they gain hands-on experience in patient care, diagnosis, and treatment.
    5. Licensing: Graduates who earn an MBBS degree are typically required to pass a licensing examination, such as the Medical Council of India (MCI) screening test or the Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE), to practice medicine as registered medical practitioners.
    6. Career Path: MBBS graduates can pursue a variety of career paths, including general practice, specialization in a medical or surgical field through postgraduate programs (MD or MS), or further research and academic pursuits.
    7. Global Recognition: The MBBS degree is recognized internationally, allowing medical professionals to practice medicine in other countries, subject to meeting the respective country’s licensing and certification requirements.

    MBBS is the initial step in a medical career, and it provides a solid foundation in medical knowledge and clinical skills. It is a highly respected and sought-after degree for those who aspire to become medical doctors or surgeons.

    What is the full form of MBBS?

    MBBS Full form is “Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery”. It is a specialized undergraduate degree in the medical and surgical medicine conferred by the medical universities and colleges. As the name implies, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery are two different degrees that are combined in one area and then rewarded together during the practice

    The MBBS course duration includes the internship period, which is 5 to 6 years. The candidates at the higher secondary school who have studied the subject of science such as Physics, Chemistry, English and Biology are eligible to apply for this curriculum. MBBS is considered among the topmost courses in the global and the career path, upon pursuing MBBS, a candidates is legally turned into a medical professional.

    Eligibility Criteria for MBBS

    Eligibility criteria for pursuing an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree in India typically include the following:

    1. Educational Qualification: Candidates must have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) with specific subjects. The required subjects usually include Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English. These subjects are mandatory for most medical colleges in India.
    2. Minimum Aggregate Marks: Candidates are generally required to secure a minimum aggregate score in the specified subjects at the 10+2 level. The exact percentage or score required may vary from one institution to another. It’s essential to check the admission criteria of the specific medical colleges you’re interested in.
    3. Age Limit: There is typically a minimum age requirement for candidates seeking admission to MBBS programs. In most cases, candidates should be at least 17 years old at the time of admission.
    4. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET): In recent years, NEET has become a mandatory requirement for admission to medical colleges in India. Candidates must qualify in the NEET examination to be eligible for MBBS admission. NEET assesses the candidate’s knowledge and readiness for medical education.
    5. Citizenship: Candidates should be Indian citizens or Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs) to be eligible for admission to Indian medical colleges.

    List of Top Ten Medical Colleges in India

    1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
    2. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
    3. Christian Medical College, Vellore
    4. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
    5. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
    6. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
    7. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
    8. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry
    9. Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi
    10. King George’s Medical University, Lucknow.

    What Do You Need to Have in Your Bag to Pursue MBBS?

    To pursue MBBS, you need to have a high school diploma or equivalent, be at least 17 years old, and pass the MCAT exam. You will also need to complete a bachelor’s degree in a science field.

    What is NEET?

    National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a national-level entrance examination conducted in India. It is a crucial examination for students aspiring to pursue undergraduate medical and dental programs, including MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) and BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery).

    Key Information About NEET:

    1. Purpose: NEET serves as a standardized and common entrance test for admission to medical and dental colleges across India. It ensures that candidates are evaluated on a uniform platform, allowing them to compete for seats in various institutions.
    2. Conducting Authority: The National Testing Agency (NTA) is responsible for organizing the NEET examination on behalf of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
    3. Eligibility: To be eligible to appear for NEET, candidates should have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) with specific subjects, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English. Candidates must also meet the age criteria specified by NTA.
    4. Examination Pattern: NEET is a pen-and-paper-based examination. It consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) covering Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany and Zoology). The total marks and the number of questions may vary from year to year. The examination typically lasts for three hours.
    5. Score Validity: NEET scores are typically valid for one year. Candidates can use their NEET scores to seek admission to medical and dental colleges in the year of the examination.
    6. Admission Process: NEET scores are used by various medical and dental colleges across India to admit students to their MBBS and BDS programs. Admission is typically based on NEET scores and counseling processes conducted by respective states or centralized counseling authorities.
    7. Significance: NEET has replaced multiple state-level and institution-specific medical entrance exams, streamlining the admission process for medical and dental courses. It has become the primary entrance test for aspiring medical professionals in India.

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    Why is NEET Important?

    NEET, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, holds significant importance in the field of medical and dental education in India. Here are several reasons why NEET is crucial:

    1. Standardized Entrance Examination: NEET serves as a standardized and uniform entrance examination for admission to undergraduate medical (MBBS) and dental (BDS) programs across India. It replaces multiple state-level and institution-specific entrance exams, streamlining the admission process.
    2. Fair and Transparent Selection: NEET ensures a fair and transparent selection process for medical and dental colleges. It provides an equal opportunity for all eligible candidates, regardless of their state of residence or educational background.
    3. Eliminates Multiple Exams: Prior to NEET, students had to prepare for numerous entrance exams conducted by different states and institutions. NEET simplifies the process by offering a single exam, reducing the burden on students.
    4. Reduces Stress: NEET reduces the stress and pressure on students by eliminating the need to prepare for multiple exams. It allows students to focus on a single, standardized test, which can lead to better mental well-being.
    5. Ensures Quality: NEET aims to ensure that only candidates who meet the required standards of knowledge and competence are admitted to medical and dental colleges. This helps maintain the quality of medical education and healthcare services in the country.
    6. Wider College Choice: NEET scores are accepted by a wide range of medical and dental colleges, including prestigious government and private institutions. It gives candidates the freedom to choose from various colleges based on their performance.
    7. Streamlined Counseling Process: NEET scores are used as the basis for counseling and seat allocation in medical and dental colleges. This centralized process helps prevent malpractices and ensures a fair distribution of seats.
    8. Merit-Based Selection: NEET promotes a merit-based system for admission. Candidates are admitted to medical and dental programs based on their performance in the exam, ensuring that the most deserving candidates secure seats.
    9. Global Recognition: NEET scores are recognized by several countries, allowing Indian students to pursue medical education abroad. It opens up international opportunities for those aspiring to study medicine abroad.
    10. Regulatory Compliance: NEET aligns with the regulations and guidelines of the Medical Council of India (MCI) and the Dental Council of India (DCI), ensuring that the examination and admission processes adhere to established standards.

    Eligibility Criteria for NEET

    The eligibility criteria for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) in India typically include the following:

    1. Educational Qualification: Candidates must have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) or an equivalent examination recognized by the Central or State Board. This education should have included Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as mandatory subjects.
    2. Minimum Marks: Candidates should have secured a minimum aggregate score in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English in their 10+2 or equivalent examination. The minimum marks required may vary from year to year and among different categories (e.g., General, OBC, SC/ST).
    3. Age Limit: The minimum age for candidates appearing in the NEET exam is typically 17 years as of December 31 of the year of admission. There is no upper age limit for NEET, although certain states or institutions may have age restrictions for admission to specific colleges.
    4. Number of Attempts: There is no limit on the number of attempts for NEET. Candidates can attempt the exam as many times as they wish until they meet the upper age limit, if applicable.
    5. Nationality: Candidates should be Indian citizens, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), or foreign nationals. The eligibility criteria for each category may vary.
    6. Subject Combinations: Candidates must have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English in their qualifying examination. The specific subject combinations and minimum marks required in each subject should be met.
    7. Registration: Candidates must register for the NEET exam within the specified registration period and pay the required application fee.

    It’s important to note that eligibility criteria may be subject to change, and candidates should refer to the official NEET notification and guidelines provided by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for the most up-to-date information. Additionally, different states and institutions may have their own specific eligibility criteria for state quota seats, so candidates should check the respective state or institution websites for additional details.


    Pursuing an MBBS degree can be a fulfilling and rewarding journey for those passionate about medicine and healthcare. Understanding the eligibility criteria and the importance of exams like NEET is essential for aspiring medical students. Additionally, exploring top medical schools in India can help you make an informed decision about your medical education.

    FAQs on MBBS Full Form

    What is mbbs full form in medical?

    MBBS Full form in medical is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.

    What is MBBS?

    Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is an undergraduate degree that every students has to pursue to become a doctor.

    Can I do PG without MBBS?

    Students must have completed MBBS/BDS from any of the college recognized by the MCI (Medical Council of India) or DCI (Dental Council of India).

    MBBS Full form in Hindi?

    एमबीबीएस (MBBS) का पूरा नाम है मेडिकल बैचलर ऑफ सर्जरी जो की चिकित्सा शिक्षा की डिग्री है। यह एक पेशेवर मेडिकल कोर्स है जिसे छात्रों को डॉक्टर बनने के लिए पढ़ाया जाता है।

    How many years is MBBS?

    MBBS duration is five and a half years, with 1 year internship.

    Which country is best for MBBS?

    Russia is the best popular choice among the Indian students who plan to study MBBS abroad. Ministry of Health and Education has worked towards having highly subsidized MBBS fees. The total cost of studying MBBS in Russia is very much less than compared to other western countries.

    Which country is MBBS free?

    In Germany MBBS studies is free with the scholarship. The universities for medicine in Germany have very good hospitals for practical phase of the studies.

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