PlacesAssamTezpur: The Gem of Assam

Tezpur: The Gem of Assam

Tezpur,a city in the Indian state Assam is known as the “city of blood” due to a bloody river blown in The Dwapar era between the fight of native king and the army of lord Krishna.

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    Geography and Climate


    Tezpur is situated in the Sonitpur district of the Indian state of Assam. Geographically, it is located at approximately 26.6336° N latitude and 92.7978° E longitude. It is at a distance of about 180 kilometers northwest of Assam’s capital city, Guwahati.


    Tezpur is known for its diverse topography. To the north, the city is flanked by the Himalayan foothills, which provide a stunning backdrop to the city’s landscape. These hills not only contribute to the city’s picturesque scenery but also influence its climate. To the south, the Brahmaputra River flows, adding to the city’s natural beauty.


    Tezpur enjoys a subtropical climate. The summers are typically warm, with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 35°C. Winters, on the other hand, are cool and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 20°C. The monsoon season, from June to September, brings heavy rainfall, making the region lush and green. The best time to visit Tezpur is during the winter months when the weather is comfortable for outdoor activities and sightseeing.

    Historical Significance

    Tezpur has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The name “Tezpur” is believed to be derived from the Sanskrit words “Tez” meaning blood and “Pur” meaning town. According to local legend, Tezpur is said to have been the site of a great battle in the ancient Indian epic, the Mahabharata. This battle is believed to have stained the land with blood, thus giving the town its name.

    The historical significance of Tezpur can be traced back to the Varman Dynasty, which ruled the region during the 5th and 6th centuries. Tezpur served as the capital of the Varman Dynasty, and remnants of their rule can still be found in the form of ancient temples and sculptures in and around the city.

    During the medieval period, Tezpur became a prominent center for art, culture, and education. The city’s historical ruins, including the famous Agnigarh Hill, speak of its rich past. Agnigarh, which means “Fortress of Fire,” is a hillock that is believed to have been the site of a fortress during the reign of King Banasura. It is a popular tourist destination, offering panoramic views of the city and the Brahmaputra River.

    British Influence

    The British colonial era also left its mark on Tezpur. It became an important administrative center during British rule, and several colonial-era buildings and structures can still be seen in the city. The legacy of British architecture and planning is evident in the layout of Tezpur’s roads and some of its prominent landmarks.

    Cultural Heritage

    Tezpur’s rich cultural legacy has earned it the title of “Cultural Capital of Assam” on numerous occasions. The city has a diverse cultural tapestry that includes elements of Assamese, Bodo, Mishing, and other indigenous cultures. Here are some aspects of Tezpur’s cultural heritage:


    Festivals play a significant role in the cultural life of Tezpur. Bihu, the Assamese New Year, is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Tezpur. Bihu is marked by traditional dance, music, and feasts. Apart from Bihu, Durga Puja, Diwali, and Christmas are celebrated with fervor, reflecting the city’s cultural diversity.

    Dance and Music

    Tezpur has a vibrant arts scene, with traditional Assamese dance forms like Bihu and Sattriya being a common sight during festivals and cultural events. The city also has a rich tradition of music, with Borgeets, Bihu geets, and Zikirs being popular musical forms. Folk music and dance performances are held regularly, providing a glimpse into the rich artistic heritage of the region.


    Tezpur is famous for its indigenous handicrafts, particularly bamboo and cane products. Skilled artisans create beautiful baskets, furniture, and decorative items that are not only functional but also artistic. For souvenir purchases, visitors can peruse local marketplaces and buy these handcrafted goods.


    The cuisine of Tezpur is a delightful blend of Assamese and Bodo culinary traditions. Assamese cuisine is known for its use of simple, locally sourced ingredients, and it often includes dishes like fish curry, rice, and various green leafy vegetables. Bodo cuisine features dishes like pork with bamboo shoots, which are unique to this region. Tezpur’s eateries offer an array of options for food enthusiasts to savor these delectable dishes.


    The primary language spoken in Tezpur is Assamese, but due to its diverse population, various indigenous languages are also spoken, such as Bodo, Mishing, and Nepali. This linguistic diversity contributes to the cultural richness of the city.

    Tourist Attractions

    Tezpur is a city that has a lot to offer to tourists. From its natural beauty to historical sites, there’s no shortage of places to explore. Here are some of the key tourist attractions in and around Tezpur:

    1. Agnigarh Hill

    As mentioned earlier, Agnigarh Hill offers a panoramic view of the city and the Brahmaputra River. It is a great place for both history enthusiasts and nature lovers. The hill is surrounded by lush greenery, making it a perfect spot for a leisurely stroll.

    1. Bamuni Hills

    Bamuni Hills is another historical site in Tezpur known for its rock-cut sculptures dating back to the 9th century. The intricate carvings on these rocks are a testament to the artistic prowess of the ancient inhabitants of Tezpur.

    1. Cole Park

    Named after a British officer, Cole Park is a well-maintained public park that offers a serene atmosphere for visitors. It is a popular spot for picnics, relaxation, and outdoor activities.

    1. Mahabhairab Temple

    This ancient Shiva temple is located atop a hill and is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus. The temple’s location provides a breathtaking view of the Brahmaputra River and the surrounding landscapes.

    1. Chitralekha Udyan

    Chitralekha Udyan is a beautiful park located in the heart of Tezpur. It is a well-maintained garden featuring various sculptures and a musical fountain. Both locals and visitors love visiting the park.

    1. Nameri National Park

    Nameri National Park, located around 35 kilometers from Tezpur, is a haven for nature enthusiasts. It is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the Bengal tiger, Indian bison, and various species of birds. The park also offers activities like river rafting on the Jia Bhoroli River.

    1. Kaziranga National Park

    Kaziranga National Park, one of the most famous wildlife reserves in India, is situated about 170 kilometers from Tezpur. Home to several bird species, tigers, elephants, and the critically endangered one-horned rhinoceros, it is recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A visit to Kaziranga is a must for wildlife enthusiasts.

    1. Bhairabi Temple

    The Bhairabi Temple, dedicated to the goddess Bhairabi, is a significant religious site located near Tezpur. It is known for its spiritual and architectural significance and is visited by devotees and tourists alike.

    Education Hub

    Tezpur is not just a tourist destination but also an educational hub in the northeastern region of India. It is home to Tezpur University, which is renowned for its academic excellence. The university offers a wide range of undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs, attracting students from various parts of the country. Its research and development initiatives contribute significantly to the region’s academic and technological growth.

    Modern Infrastructure

    Tezpur has seen substantial infrastructural development in recent years. The city has a well-connected road network and an airport, Tezpur Airport (Salonibari Airport), which makes it accessible to domestic and international tourists. The development of hotels and resorts caters to the accommodation needs of visitors.

    FAQs on Tezpur: The Gem of Assam

    What is the best time to visit Tezpur?

    Tezpur is best visited during the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is cool and pleasant, making it ideal for outdoor activities and sightseeing. Monsoons, from June to September, should be avoided due to heavy rainfall, and summers can be quite hot.

    How can I reach Tezpur?

    Tezpur is accessible by road, rail, and air. The nearest major city and transportation hub is Guwahati. You can reach Tezpur by road via National Highway 15, by train to Tezpur Railway Station, or by taking a domestic flight to Tezpur Airport (Salonibari Airport)

    What are the must-visit tourist attractions in Tezpur?

    Tezpur offers a range of attractions, including Agnigarh Hill, Bamuni Hills, Cole Park, Mahabhairab Temple, Chitralekha Udyan, Nameri National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and Bhairabi Temple. These sites offer a blend of history, nature, and spirituality, catering to a wide range of interests.

    Is Tezpur a safe destination for tourists?

    Tezpur is generally considered a safe destination for tourists. However, like any place, it's essential to exercise common-sense safety precautions. Be mindful of your belongings, follow local guidelines, and respect local customs and cultures. It's always a good practice to travel with a trusted guide if you're exploring remote or less-visited areas.

    What is unique about Tezpur's culture and cuisine?

    Tezpur's culture is a fascinating blend of Assamese, Bodo, Mishing, and other indigenous influences. The city is known for its vibrant festivals, traditional dance forms like Bihu and Sattriya, and exquisite handicrafts, particularly bamboo and cane products. Regarding cuisine, Tezpur offers a mix of Assamese and Bodo culinary traditions, featuring dishes like fish curry, rice, and pork with bamboo shoots, which are unique to the region. Exploring local cuisine is a delightful part of the Tezpur experience.

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