Important Topic of Physics: Convex lens

# Important Topic of Physics: Convex lens

A lens is an optical tool or equipment that, through refraction, tends to both converge and diverge a beam of light. A simple lens is often made up of just one piece of transparent material, whereas a compound lens is made up of numerous simple lenses aligned along a common axis. A convex lens converges light beams that travel parallel to its primary axis, which is comparatively thick in the centre and thin at the lower and higher ends. Rather than curving inward, the edges curve outward. It is placed in front of the eye to sharply bend incoming light, causing the focal point to shorten and the light to focus properly on the retina.

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## A brief outline

A convex lens can generally converge a stream of parallel rays to a spot on the other side of the lens. This point is called the lens’ focus, and the focal length is the distance between it and the Optical Centre of the beam. An approximate equation connects the radius of curvature R1 and R2 of the spherical surfaces and the focal length of the lens ‘f’. The focal length of a Double Convex Lens is wider attributed to the prevalence of a second curved surface. Dual Convex Lenses are popular because many optical devices demand extended focal lengths.

• The distance between both the center of a convex lens and the point where parallel rays converge is known as the focal length.
• The principal axis is A line that runs across the center of a lens surface as well as the centers of curvature of all of the lens segments.

## Important concepts

### We Can Draw for the Convex Lens

• The direction of a ray from the top of the item straight through the middle of the lens is not modified.
• A ray that runs parallel to the primary axis from the object’s top. The lens distorts it to allow it to pass through the focus.

## For Convex Lenses, there is a Real Image and a Virtual Image.

Image of the Real: When an object is positioned at a distance of more than one focal length from the lens, a convex lens can be utilized to provide a genuine image. It can be flashed at the front of the lens and captured on a screen. It’s found in movie theatres, projectors, and other places.

Image of the virtual: If the object is in front of the focal point, a virtual image will be produced by a convex lens. It is exploited to give crisp images in eyewear.

Formula:

1/f = 1/v + 1/u

Where

f = focal length.

v = the distance of the image from the optical centre.

u = the distance of the object from the optical centre

In convex lenses, the focal length is positive.

### Images Created by Convex Lenses and the Rules That Apply to Them

When looking through a convex lens, the image generated is always at a place where at least two refracted light rays tend to meet.

The following are the rules for creating an image with a convex lens:

Rule 1: After refraction via the lens, a beam of light must pass through the focus. The ray of light must be parallel to the primary axis at the start.

Rule 2: A ray of light passing through the optical centre of a convex lens will look straight after refraction; it will not bend. A ray of light travelling along the primary axis of this lens will also travel in a straight line; it will not deviate.

Rule 3: When a beam of light passes through the focus of a convex lens, refraction occurs, and the ray becomes parallel to the primary axis of the lens.

## Convex lens magnification:

Convex lens magnification is characterized as the proportion of picture tallness to protest stature. Amplification of 2 implies that the image is double the size of the item, though amplification of 1 implies that the picture is a similar size as the article. At the point when the amplification is positive, the image is vertical corresponding to the item (virtual picture). The image is switched in contrast with the item when amplification is negative (real picture).

## Convex Lens Applications:

The following are some of the applications:

1. It is used to correct hypermetropia or farsightedness.
2. It is used to focus all of the light on a specific object in microscopes, telescopes, and magnifying glasses.
3. It is used in camera lenses to focus light so that a clear image may be captured.
4. It is placed in front of the eye to sharply bend incoming light, causing the focal point to shorten and the light to focus properly on the retina. It can also be found in projectors, binoculars, optical microscopes, and even peepholes.

## Significance of convex lens in IIT JEE exam

Every year, the oscillation and waves unit is typically asked 4 to 5 questions in the IIT JEE exam. Attempt to comprehend complex issues such as the theory of superposition, wave reflection and refraction, light reflection and refraction, and lenses. It will not only make it easier for you to understand the concepts, but it will also aid in their retention for a longer period of time. In this topic, there were 10 easy questions, 17 intermediate questions, and 3 difficult questions.

## FAQs

##### Why is a Converging Lens referred to as a Convex Lens?

Because it conforms to a parallel light beam on a point considered the principal focus, a convex lens is termed a converging lens.

##### Is the focal length of convex lenses positive?

According to the Cartesian sign convention, item distances (u) have always been negative when the object is placed to the left of the mirror/lens. The focal length of a convex lens and convex mirror is positive (f). The focal length of concave lenses and concave mirrors is negative.

##### What are the various types of convex lenses available?

They're accessible in a range of shapes and sizes. Plano-convex lenses, double convex lenses, and concave-convex lenses are the three types of these lenses.

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