BlogNEETMost Repeated Questions and Concepts of Physical Chemistry for NEET 2024

Most Repeated Questions and Concepts of Physical Chemistry for NEET 2024

One of the most difficult entrance tests for medicine in India is the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET). Every year, lakhs of students aspire to secure a seat in prestigious medical colleges across the country. Physical Chemistry is a vital component of the NEET Chemistry syllabus and plays a crucial role in helping students achieve their dreams of becoming doctors. In this blog, we will delve into the most repeated questions and essential concepts of Physical Chemistry that you need to master for NEET 2024.

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    Understanding the Importance of Physical Chemistry

    Physical Chemistry is one of the three primary branches of Chemistry, alongside Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. It deals with the study of the physical and chemical properties of matter and the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions. In the NEET exam, Physical Chemistry contributes significantly to your overall score. Therefore, a strong foundation in this subject is essential for securing a good rank.

    Also Check: NEET Rank Predictor 2024

    Most Repeated Questions in Physical Chemistry for NEET

    To excel in NEET 2024, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the types of questions that are frequently asked in the Physical Chemistry section. Here are some of the most repeated question patterns:

    1. Stoichiometry: Questions related to mole concept, balancing chemical equations, and calculating the number of moles, mass, or volume are common in NEET exams. Make sure you are proficient in these fundamental concepts.
    2. Gaseous State: Understanding the behavior of gases, gas laws (Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Avogadro’s law), and Dalton’s law of partial pressures is essential. Questions often involve calculations related to the ideal gas equation.
    3. Thermodynamics: Concepts like enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy, and heat transfer are integral to thermodynamics. You can expect questions on calorimetry, Hess’s law, and calculations involving these parameters.
    4. Chemical Equilibrium: Understand the concept of equilibrium constants (Kc and Kp), Le Chatelier’s principle, and how changes in concentration, temperature, and pressure affect equilibrium. Questions related to the direction of a reaction or the equilibrium position are common.
    5. Electrochemistry: Familiarize yourself with topics like electrolysis, Faraday’s laws, electrochemical cells, and the Nernst equation. Questions often involve calculating cell potentials and electrode reactions.
    6. Chemical Kinetics: Learn about rate laws, rate constants, and factors affecting reaction rates, such as temperature and catalysts. Questions may ask you to determine the order of a reaction or predict the rate constant.
    7. Solutions: Understand the different types of solutions, colligative properties, and calculations related to molarity, molality, and mass percent. Questions often involve dilution and solubility.
    8. Atomic Structure: Topics like Bohr’s model, quantum numbers, electronic configuration, and the periodic table are essential. Questions on atomic spectra and electron transitions are common.
    9. Chemical Bonding: Understand the types of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, metallic) and the VSEPR theory for molecular geometry. Questions may involve bond angles and polarity.
    10. Redox Reactions: Learn how to balance redox reactions using the half-reaction method and calculate oxidation numbers. Questions may ask you to identify oxidizing and reducing agents.

    Check Video Session of Physical Chemistry for NEET 2024

    Key Concepts to Master

    In addition to recognizing common question patterns, mastering the following key concepts in Physical Chemistry will significantly boost your NEET 2024 preparation:

    1. The Mole Concept: Understand how to calculate the number of moles, mass, and volume of substances in chemical reactions using Avogadro’s number.
    2. Gas Laws: Grasp the relationships between pressure, volume, temperature, and moles in gases. Be able to apply gas laws to solve problems.
    3. Thermodynamics: Learn about energy changes in chemical reactions, including concepts like enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy. These concepts help predict the spontaneity and direction of reactions.
    4. Chemical Equilibrium: Understand the concept of equilibrium, equilibrium constants, and Le Chatelier’s principle. Be able to predict the effect of changes on equilibrium position.
    5. Electrochemistry: Master the principles of electrochemical cells, including oxidation-reduction reactions and calculations involving cell potentials.
    6. Chemical Kinetics: Familiarize yourself with rate laws, reaction orders, and factors affecting reaction rates, such as temperature and catalysts.
    7. Solutions: Learn about various types of solutions, colligative properties, and concentration units. Understand the behavior of solutions when dilution or temperature changes.
    8. Atomic Structure: Study atomic models, quantum numbers, electronic configurations, and the periodic table.
    9. Chemical Bonding: Understand the types of chemical bonds, molecular geometry, and intermolecular forces.
    10. Redox Reactions: Know how to balance redox reactions and identify oxidizing and reducing agents.

    Effective Study Strategies

    To excel in Physical Chemistry and tackle the most repeated questions effectively, here are some study strategies to consider:

    1. Create a Study Schedule: Plan your study schedule with dedicated time for Physical Chemistry. Cover all the topics mentioned above systematically.
    2. Practice Regularly: Solve a variety of problems and practice questions from previous NEET papers and mock tests.You will become more accustomed to question formats as a result.
    3. Take Notes: Maintain a notebook for important concepts, formulas, and key points. This will serve as a useful reference throughout revision.
    4. Use Online Resources: Utilize online tutorials, videos, and interactive simulations to enhance your understanding of complex topics.
    5. Seek Clarification: Don’t hesitate to ask your teachers or peers for help when you encounter difficulties. Clarifying doubts promptly is crucial for a strong foundation.
    6. Self-Assessment: Periodically evaluate your progress through self-assessment tests and quizzes. Determine your weak points and improve them.
    7. Stay Consistent: Consistency is key to mastering Physical Chemistry. Make it a habit to study and revise regularly.

    Tips for Last-Minute Preparation

    As the NEET 2024 exam approaches, you might find yourself in a time crunch. Here are some last-minute tips to help you make the most of your final preparation days:

    1. Revision Strategy: Focus on revising the topics you’ve already studied rather than attempting to learn new concepts. Create a revision schedule to cover all the critical concepts.
    2. Practice Mock Tests: Take full-length mock tests regularly to simulate exam conditions. This will help you improve your time management and get accustomed to the exam pattern.
    3. Analyze Previous Year Papers: Go through the previous year’s NEET papers and analyze the trends in Physical Chemistry questions. Pay attention to topics that frequently appear.
    4. Formula Flashcards: Create flashcards with essential formulas, equations, and key concepts. Review these flashcards during short breaks to reinforce your memory.
    5. Mind Maps: Use mind maps to visualize complex concepts and their interconnections. Mind maps can help you recall information more effectively.
    6. Stay Healthy: Get adequate sleep, eat a balanced diet, and stay hydrated. Preparation a night before an exam should be avoided. A well-rested mind performs better.
    7. Stay Calm: Manage exam anxiety by practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and meditation. A calm mind can think more clearly during the exam.
    8. Reach out for Help: If you encounter any doubts or confusion during your last-minute revision, don’t hesitate to reach out to your teachers or mentors for clarification.

    Sample Questions

    Let’s go through some sample questions from various topics in Physical Chemistry to give you a sense of what to expect:

    Question 1: Stoichiometry

    How many grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) will be produced when 32 grams of methane (CH4) is burned in excess oxygen?

    Question 2: Thermodynamics

    Calculate the change in enthalpy (ΔH) when 2 moles of hydrogen gas (H2) react with 1 mole of oxygen gas (O2) to form 2 moles of water vapor (H2O) at constant pressure and temperature.

    Question 3: Chemical Equilibrium

    For the reaction: N2(g) + 3H2(g) ⇌ 2NH3(g), if the equilibrium constant Kc is 10^3, calculate the equilibrium concentration of NH3 when the initial concentration of N2 is 0.1 M and H2 is 0.3 M.

    Question 4: Electrochemistry

    In an electrochemical cell, if the reduction potential of the cathode is +0.8 V and that of the anode is -0.2 V, calculate the cell potential (Ecell) at standard conditions.

    Question 5: Chemical Kinetics

    If a reaction follows the first-order kinetics and has a rate constant (k) of 0.02 s^-1, calculate the time it takes for the concentration of the reactant to decrease to half of its initial value.

    Question 6: Solutions

    Calculate the molality (m) of a solution prepared by dissolving 10 grams of sodium chloride (NaCl) in 200 grams of water (H2O).

    Question 7: Atomic Structure

    How many unpaired electrons are present in the ground-state electron configuration of sulfur (S)?

    Question 8: Chemical Bonding

    Explain the difference between a sigma (σ) bond and a pi (π) bond in covalent molecules. Provide an example of each.

    Question 9: Redox Reactions

    Balance the following redox reaction that occurs in an acidic solution: MnO4^- (aq) + H2C2O4 (aq) → Mn^2+ (aq) + CO2 (g).

    Question 10: Gas Laws

    If a gas occupies 2 liters at a pressure of 3 atmospheres (atm) and a temperature of 300 Kelvin (K), calculate the number of moles of the gas.


    Mastering the most repeated questions and essential concepts of Physical Chemistry is crucial for your success in NEET 2024. By following the study strategies, tips for last-minute preparation, and practicing sample questions provided in this blog, you can enhance your readiness for the exam. Remember that consistent effort, effective time management, and a clear understanding of the subject matter are keys to achieving your goals. Best of luck with your NEET 2024 preparation, and may you excel in the Physical Chemistry section!

    FAQs on Physical Chemistry for NEET 2024

    What are the most crucial topics to cover in Physical Chemistry for NEET 2024?

    Physical Chemistry topics like stoichiometry, gas laws, thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, solutions, atomic structure, chemical bonding, and redox reactions are essential. A strong grasp of these concepts is crucial for success.

    How can I effectively prepare for the Physical Chemistry section of NEET?

    Effective preparation involves creating a study schedule, practicing regularly with mock tests, revising key concepts, and seeking help when needed. Use resources like textbooks, online tutorials, and previous year's papers to strengthen your knowledge.

    How can I remember complex formulas and equations in Physical Chemistry?

    Creating flashcards, summarizing formulas in a formula sheet, and practicing problem-solving can help you remember complex equations and formulas. Regular revision and application of these formulas in practice questions are also key.

    Are there any specific strategies to tackle calculation-based questions in Physical Chemistry?

    Yes, for calculation-based questions, ensure you have a solid understanding of the underlying concepts and units involved. Practice step-by-step problem-solving, emphasizing units and paying attention to significant figures. Cross-check your calculations to minimize errors.

    How do I manage time effectively during the NEET 2024 exam for Physical Chemistry questions?

    Time management is critical during the exam. Allocate a specific time limit for each section and stick to it. Start with questions you are confident about, and if you get stuck on a particular problem, move on and come back to it later if time permits. Practice with mock tests to improve your time management skills.

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