BlogNCERTAnatomy and Function of Different Parts of Flowering Plants 

Anatomy and Function of Different Parts of Flowering Plants 

Anatomy of Flowers: The anatomy of flowers is the study of the internal structure of organisms. It includes the association and design of the tissues. The group of tissues is interdependent identical or non-identical cells along with an intercellular substance having a common origin to perform a specific (definite) function in multicellular organisms called a tissue. The purpose of a flower is for a factory to be suitable to reproduce sexually. The manly part of the flower (stamen) consists of hair and an anther. The anther contains pollen. Other flower corridors include petals, sepals, bracts, pedicels, and containers. It may deliver flowers that are perfect or amiss and may have flowers that are complete or deficient. Shops may be classified as monoecious or dioecious.

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    Monocots have flowers with flower corridors in multiples of three. Dicots have flowers with flower corridors in multiples of four or five. An inflorescence may be determinate or indeterminate. Common inflorescence types are cyme, shaft, raceme, panicle, corymb, umbel, spadix, catkin, and head.


    Flowers are composed of numerous distinct factors: sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels. These factors are arranged in curls and attached to the container at the end of the stem that leads to the flower. This stem is called the peduncle. In the case of an inflorescence, where multiple boutonnieres are produced in place of a single flower, the branches leading to the boutonnieres are called pedicels.

    Flowers are composed of sets of essentially modified leaves arranged in curls. The remotest spiral of a flower is called the calyx and is composed of sepals. Inside the calyx is the corolla, which is composed of petals. Together, the calyx and corolla are anointed perianth. Inside the perianth is the androecium (house of man), a spiral composed of stamens. Each stamen has long hair holding up pollen sacs called anthers. Inside the androecium is the gynoecium (house of a woman), composed of carpels. Each carpel has an ovary at the base where ovules are sheltered. The style emerges from the ovary and is outgunned by the smirch. Pollen grains land on the smirch and grow a tube to reach the ovule and complete fertilization.

    Anatomy of flowers

    Anatomy refers to the study of the interior structure of an organism. The study of the factory anatomy of flowers includes histology- the study of the association and design of the tissue. Anatomy helps us know the structural tricks of different plants and indicates the structural adaptation to other surroundings.

    A stem is one of a vascular plant’s two main structural axes. The part of the plant can be seen above the ground.

    Functions of Stem

    • The stem supports and holds leaves, flowers, and fruits.
    • The xylem and phloem present in the vascular packets of stems conduct water and minerals across the factory.
    • Stems bear flowers and fruits in a position that facilitates the processes of pollination, fertilization, and dissipation of seeds. Some stems suffer revision to store food and water. Illustration succulents. Many green stems contain chloroplasts and can carry out photosynthesis as well. Some stems are modified to carry out vegetative propagation, a form of asexual reduplication seen in shops.

    parts of flower

    Different types of the stem in plants

    • Dicotyledonous Stem: The epidermis is covered with a thin subcaste of cuticles and may have Trichomes and stomata. Cortex The cortex comprises multiple layers of cells, including the hypodermis, the middle subcaste of parenchyma cells, and the inmost subcaste called endodermis. Endodermis cells are prosperous in bounce grains and are called the bounce jacket. The pericycle exists on the inner side of the endodermis. Layers of radially positioned parenchyma between the vascular packets are called medullary shafts. A large number of vascular packets is arranged in a ring. Each vascular pack is conjointly open.
    • Monocotyledonous Stem: The hypodermis is made up of sclerenchyma. Vascular packets are conjoint, closed, and scattered. A sclerenchymatous pack jacket bands each vascular pack. Phloem parenchyma is absent. Water-containing depressions are present within the vascular packets.

    Different parts of a flower

    • Petals: The bloom’s petals can be allowed as the casing for the inward corridor. It’s believed that insects pollinate blossoms with incandescently shadowed petals. The lively tinges are the factory’s drawing in its pollinator to imitate.
    • Sepals: Sepals form a protective subcaste around an unopened bloom. Sepals form at the loftiest point of a stem and are the first sign that a factory will deliver blooming blooms.
    • Peduncle and Container: The peduncle is appertained to as the stalk or stem of a flower. The container is the base of the flower that holds its significant organs.

    The womanish reproductive part of the flower consists of four major corridors.

    • Smirch-It’s where the pollen grains are gathered to start the fertilization procedure. The smirch is connected to the style, simply the tail that joins the blossom. The fashion is unnaturally tube pollen used to travel through the bloom. The smirch is positioned inside the flower and is sticky.
    • Style-It is the name for the tail of the pistil.
    • The ovary-The base of the pistil. This organ holds the ovules staying for fertilization.
    • Ovules-These are the bloom’s eggs positioned inside the ovary. In the fruit shops, pollen will enhance the development of an embryo and the near fruits.


    The manly reproductive part of a flower consists of two major corridors.

    • Anther – The head of the stamen. The anther is responsible for the pollen product, which will immaculately be moved to the pistil by insects or creatures, for illustration, honey notions. It is a vital part of flower reduplication.
    • Fibre – This tail holds the anther and joins it to the bloom.


    What do you understand by word anatomy?

    Anatomy directs the study of the internal structure of an organism.

    Who discovered the anatomy of flowers?

    Marcello Malpighi, an Italian doctor, discovered the anatomy of flowers.

    What is the center of the plant called?

    The center part of the flower Filled the pistil. It is made up of stigma style and ovaries.

    What are the five main parts of the plant?

    The five main parts of the flower are Stigma, Stamen, Calyx, Pistil, Colas.

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